A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to allude to)
a. to refer
Si te refieres a lo que pasó anoche, quería pedirte perdón por mi comportamiento.If you're referring to what happened last night, I wanted to apologize for my behavior.
2. (to be related to)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
En lo que se refiere a los empleados nuevamente contratados, tenemos que estar de acuerdo en cuanto a la capacitación.As far as new hires are concerned, we have to all be on the same page with regard to training.
Hay algunas medidas que podemos tomar en lo que se refiere al presupuesto.There are some measures we can take with regards to the budget.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
3. (to recommend)
a. to refer
Le enseñé a mi doctor el quiste que tengo en el ojo y me refirió a un oftalmólogo.I showed my doctor the cyst that I have on my eye, and he referred me to an ophthalmologist.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(to narrate)
a. to tell of
Quizás podrías referirnos tus viajes en las Américas.Perhaps you could tell us of your travels in the Americas.
b. to recount
Rodeado de sus nietos, empezó a referirles los sucesos de la batalla.Surrounded by his grandchildren, he began to recount the events of the battle.
c. to relate
En la entrevista nos refirió exactamente cómo llegó a ser gerente.In the interview he related to us exactly how he came to be a manager.
5. (to draw a connection between)
a. to relate
No entiendo por qué refiere el artista al museo cuando las dos cosas no tienen nada que ver.I don't understand why he relates the artist to the museum when they have nothing to do with each other.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (narrar)
a. to tell, to recount
2. (remitir)
referir a alguien ato refer somebody to
3. (relacionar)
referir algo ato relate something to
4. (commerce)
referir algo ato convert something into
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (estar relacionado con)
a. to refer to
por o en lo que se refiere a…as far as… is concerned
6. (aludir, mencionar)
¿a qué te refieres?what do you mean?
¿te referías a ella?were you referring to her?, did you mean her?
no me refiero a ti, sino a ellaI don't mean you, I mean her
se refirió brevemente al problema de la viviendahe briefly mentioned the housing problem
transitive verb
1 (contar) to tell; recount
referir que ... to say that ...; tell how ...
2 (dirigir)
referir al lector a un apéndice to refer the reader to an appendix
3 (relacionar) to refer; relate
todo lo refiere a su teoría favorita he refers o relates everything to his favourite theory; han referido el cuadro al siglo XVII they have dated the picture as 17th-century
referir a (Economía) to convert into
5 (Centroamérica) (insultar) to abuse; insult
referir algo a algn en cara (México) to throw sth in sb's face
pronominal verb
referirse a to refer to; me refiero a lo de anoche I refer to what happened last night; ¿a qué te refieres? what exactly do you mean?; por lo que se refiere a eso as for that; as regards that; as far as that is concerned
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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