Simple and Informal FutureStart first lesson
There are two ways to form the future tense in Spanish: the informal future (ir + a + infinitive) and the simple future (el futuro simple). The simple future, unlike the informal future, is expressed in a single word.
The Spanish simple future is used to talk about what will or shall happen. It is also used to express the possibility of what someone might or may be doing in the present.
Check out these sentences with the simple future.
Regular Simple Future Tense Spanish Forms
To form the simple future tense, simply add the correct ending to the infinitive of the verb. All verb conjugations (-ar, -er, and -ir) have the same endings in the simple future tense.
Spanish Simple Future Endings
|usted, él, ella||-á|
|ustedes, ellos, ellas||-án|
Check out the future conjugations of three common verbs: viajar, conocer, and escribir.
Future Conjugations of Viajar, Conocer and Escribir
|usted, él, ella|
|ustedes, ellos, ellas|
Uses of the Simple Future
While the simplest future is most often used to talk about what a person will do, it can also be used to talk about conjecture, possibilities, and probabilities in the present, make predictions about the future, and give solemn commands.
1. Conjectures, Possibilities, and Probabilities
The simple future is often used to talk about things that may be or are probably true.
2. Predictions about the Future
The simple future is often used to make predictions about the future.
The simple future can also be used in conditional sentences with si (if) to talk about what someone will do. In sentences like this, the verb immediately after si is in the present tense, while the verb in the other part of the sentence is in the simple future.
3. Solemn Commands
Giving solemn commands is another way to use the simple future, although not a very common one.
In Spanish, it's very common for the present tense to be used to talk about future events that are certain. Check out the examples below.
Check out this article on irregular simple future forms! Also, to round out your knowledge of the Spanish future tense, take a look at our article on the informal future in Spanish!
Tense about tenses in Spanish? Never fear! Read about other tenses in Spanish in these articles: