Language Guide
Verbs
Conditional Tense

Conditional Tense

Quick Answer

The conditional tense in Spanish (el condicional ) is used to talk about hypothetical situations and probabilities and to make polite requests.

The Spanish conditional tense is formed much like the Spanish simple future tense. Both regular and irregular verbs use the same set of endings, and any stems that are irregular in the simple future are also irregular in the conditional.

Regular Conditional Forms

To form the conditional tense with regular verbs, simply add the conditional endings to the end of the infinitive. Below you'll find a table with the Spanish conditional endings, as well as conjugations of three regular verbs in the conditional: viajar , conocer , and escribir .

Spanish Conditional Endings

SubjectConditional Ending
yo-ía
-ías
usted, él, ella-ía
nosotros-íamos
vosotros-íais
ustedes, ellos, ellas-ían

The endings for the conditional tense are the same as those for the -er and -ir forms of the imperfect tense. However, conditional endings are attached to the infinitive, while imperfect endings are attached to the stem.

  • Conditional: Escribiría unas cartas. (I would write some letters.)
  • Imperfect: Escribía unas cartas. (I wrote some letters.)

Conditional Conjugations of Viajar, Conocer, and Escribir

SubjectViajarConocerEscribir
yo
viajaría
 
conocería
 
escribiría
 
viajarías
 
conocerías
 
escribirías
 
usted, él, ella
viajaría
 
conocería
 
escribiría
 
nosotros
viajaríamos
 
conoceríamos
 
escribiríamos
 
vosotros
viajaríais
 
conoceríais
 
escribiríais
 
ustedes, ellos, ellas
viajarían
 
conocerían
 
escribirían
 

Check out these examples of the regular conditional.

Compraría esa camisa.
I would buy that shirt.
 
Sacaría la basura por ti.
He would take out the trash for you.
 
Si fuera rico, me gustaría viajar por todo el mundo.
If I were rich, I would travel all over the world.
 

Irregular Conditional Forms

The conditional has relatively few irregular verbs. They fall into three categories:

  1. Verbs where the last vowel in the infinitive is replaced with a -d
  2. Verbs where the last vowel in the infinitive is removed
  3. Verbs that are just plain irregular

1. Verbs Where the Last Vowel in the Infinitive Is Replaced with a -d

Only -er and -ir verbs fall into this category. To form the stem of these verbs, simply replace the e or i at the end of the infinitive with a -d. Then, add the conditional endings.

A good example of this type of verb is tener (to have). Check out the conditional conjugation of this verb below.

Tener Conditional Conjugation

Subjecttener (to have)
yo
tendría
 
tendrías
 
usted, él, ella
tendría
 
nosotros
tendríamos
 
vosotros
tendríais
 
ustedes, ellos, ellas
tendrían
 

Other Verbs like Tener

InfinitiveConditional Stem
poner
 
pondr-
valer
 
valdr-
salir
 
saldr-
venir
 
vendr-
Usted tendría una casa nueva.
You would have a new house.
 
Valdría mil dólares.
It would be worth $1,000.
 

2. Verbs Where the Last Vowel in the Infinitive Is Removed

Only -er verbs fall into this category. To form the stem of these verbs, remove the vowel from the infinitive ending. Then, add the conditional endings.

A good example of this type of verb is poder (to be able to). Check out the conditional conjugation of this verb below.

Poder Conditional Conjugation

SubjectPoder (to be able to)
yo
podría
 
podrías
 
usted, él, ella
podría
 
nosotros
podríamos
 
vosotros
podríais
 
ustedes, ellos, ellas
podrían
 

Other Verbs like Poder

InfinitiveConditional Stem
caber
 
cabr-
haber
 
habr-
querer
 
querr-
saber
 
sabr-
¿Podrías pasar el agua?
Would you pass the water?
 
Habría menos basura en el parque si todos lo cuidáramos.
There would be less trash in the park if we all took care of it.
 

3. Irregular stems

The verbs decir (to say) and hacer (to do/make) have slightly more drastic stem changes that don't fit into either of the above patterns. Check out the conditional conjugations of these two verbs below.

Decir and Hacer Conditional Conjugations

SubjectDecir (to tell)Hacer (to make/to do)
yo
diría
 
haría
 
dirías
 
harías
 
usted, él, ella
diría
 
haría
 
nosotros
diríamos
 
haríamos
 
vosotros
diríais
 
haríais
 
ustedes, ellos, ellas
dirían
 
harían
 
Diríais el cuento de tu aventura en el caribe.
You would tell your story of your adventure in the Caribbean.
 
Haría el pastel si tuviera tiempo.
I would make the cake if I had time.
 

Take a practice quiz!

Test what you know with our quiz tool.

Quiz: Conditional Tense

Take a practice quiz on "Conditional Tense"
Start the Quiz
Did this page answer your question?