encerrarse
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
encerrarse(
ehn
-
seh
-
rrahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
1. (to seclude oneself)
a. to shut oneself up
Gerardo se encerró en su recamara después de discutir con su papá.Gerardo shut himself up in his room after arguing with his father.
b. to lock oneself up
Debes encerrarte en tu casa y no abrirle a nadie hasta que la policía atrape al asesino.You should lock yourself up in your house and not open up for anyone until the police catch the murderer.
2. (to be standoffish)
a. to be withdrawn
Gloria se encerró por semanas después de la vergüenza que pasó frente a sus amigos.Gloria was withdrawn for weeks after the embarrassment she suffered in front of her friends.
3. (to protest)
a. to occupy
Los estudiantes se encerraron en la administración para luchar por sus derechos.The students occupied the administration to fight for their rights.
encerrar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
4. (to enclose)
a. to lock up
Acuérdate de encerrar tu joyería en la caja fuerte.Remember to lock up your jewelry in the safe.
b. to lock
Encierra su colección de sellos en la caja fuerte.She locks her stamp collection in the safe.
c. to shut up
He estado enfermo y encerrado en mi cuarto por dos días.I've been sick and shut up in my room for two days.
d. to shut in
Acuérdate de encerrar a los perros antes de irte a la escuela.Remember to shut the dogs in before you leave for school.
e. to put
Adriana encierra el hámster en su jaula antes de irse a dormir.Adriana puts the hamster in his cage before going to sleep.
f. to put away
Brenda encerró el anillo en la caja fuerte del hotel.Brenda put her ring away in the hotel safe.
5. (to hold)
a. to contain
La historia encerraba una lección profunda.The story contained a profound truth.
b. to have
El libro encierra las experiencias de un grupo de amigas en una aventura en bicicleta.The book has the experiences of a group of women friends on a bike adventure.
6. (to put between punctuation)
a. to put in
Puedes encerrar esta parte entre comillas porque son las palabras exactas del protagonista.You can put this phrase in quotes since they're the protagonist's exact words.
7. (to entail)
a. to involve
Un proceso jurídico encierra más riesgos a veces que una negociación.A legal process sometimes involves more risks than a negotiation process.
8. (chess)
a. to put in check
Quiero mover mi torre, pero no veo cómo sin encerrarla.I want to move my rook, but I don't see how I can without putting it in check.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
encerrar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (recluir)
a. to shut up o in
2. (con llave)
a. to lock up o in
3. (en la cárcel)
a. to lock away o up
4. (contener)
a. to contain
sus palabras encerraban una amenazathere was a threat in his words
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (recluirse)
a. to shut oneself away
6. (con llave)
a. to lock oneself away
se encerró en su casa para acabar la novelashe shut herself away in her house to finish the novel
se ha encerrado en sí misma y no quiere hablar con nadieshe's withdrawn into her shell and doesn't want to talk to anyone
los estudiantes se encerraron en la bibliotecathe students occupied the library
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
encerrar
transitive verb
1 (meter) to shut (up); (con llave) to lock (up)
encerré el gato en la cocina I shut the cat (up) in the kitchen; lo encerraron en su celda they locked him in his cell; la encerraron en un psiquiátrico they locked her up in a mental hospital; encerrar una frase entre paréntesis to put a phrase in brackets
2 (contener) to contain
el libro encierra profundas verdades the book contains profound truths; el plan encierra graves problemas the plan has serious problems
3 (implicar) to involve
cualquier cambio encierra ciertos riesgos any change involves certain risks
4 (Ajedrez) (Damas) to block
pronominal verb
encerrarse
1 (meterse) to shut o.s. (up); (con llave) to lock o.s. (up)
se encerró en su cuarto she shut herself (up) in her room; encerrarse en sí mismo to withdraw into o.s.; encerrarse en el silencio to maintain a total silence
2 (como protesta) to hold a sit-in; stage a sit-in
los manifestantes se encerraron en el ayuntamiento the demonstrators held o staged a sit-in in the town hall
3 (México) (ser hosco) to be stand-offish
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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