A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to awake from sleep)
a. to wake up
La policía vino y despertó a todo el edificio.The police came and woke up the whole building.
2. (to stimulate)
a. to arouse
Por donde quiera que vaya despierta simpatías.Wherever he goes he arouses sympathy.
3. (to conjure)
a. to awaken
Los olores despertaron viejos recuerdos de la infancia.The smells awakened old childhood memories.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
masculine noun
4. (start)
a. awakening
Con el despertar de la naturaleza en primavera, florecen muchas flores hermosas.With the awakening of nature in spring, many beautiful flowers bloom.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
5. (to awake from sleep)
a. to wake up
Me desperté cuando sonó el despertador.I woke up when the alarm clock went off.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (persona, animal)
a. to wake (up)
despiértame a la seis, por favorcould you wake me (up) at six, please?
2. (reacción)
a. to arouse
despertar odio/pasiónto arouse hatred/passion
el ejercicio me despierta el apetitoexercise gives me an appetite
despertar a alguien las ganas de hacer algoto make somebody want to do something
3. (recuerdo)
a. to revive, to awaken
esta canción despierta en mí buenos recuerdosthis song brings back happy memories
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (general)
a. to wake (up)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (general)
a. awakening
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (general)
a. to wake (up)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (del sueño) to wake; wake up; awaken (literario)
2 (recordar, incitar) [+esperanzas] to raise; [+recuerdo] to revive; [+sentimiento] to arouse
me despertó el apetito it whetted my appetite
beber un aperitivo antes de las comidas me despierta el apetito tómate un refresco que te despierte el apetito
intransitive verb
pronominal verb
despertarse to wake up; awaken
siempre me despierto temprano I always wake up early; despertar a la realidad to wake up to reality
el despertar religioso the religious awakening; el despertar de la primavera the awakening of spring
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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