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A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
1. (to get rid of)
a. to shake off
Salir a bailar te ayudará a sacudirte todo ese estrés. Going out dancing will help you shake off all that stress.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (to move)
a. to shake
Sacude la botella para mezclar los ingredientes.Shake the bottle to blend the ingredients.
3. (to smack)
a. to beat
No te olvides de sacudir la alfombra para quitar el polvo.Don't forget to beat the rug to get out all the dust.
4. (to shock)
a. to shake
La muerte de la abuela sacudió a toda la familia.Grandma's death shook the whole family.
5. (clean)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Southern Cone)
a. to dust
Con tres perros, ella tiene que sacudir los muebles dos veces al día.With three dogs, she has to dust the furniture twice a day.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (agitar)
a. to shake
2. (golpear; alfombra)
a. to beat
3. (colloquial)
a. to smack, to give a hiding to
4. (conmover)
a. to shake, to shock
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (persona)
a. to get rid of
6. (responsabilidad, tarea)
a. to get out of
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (agitar) [+árbol, edificio, cabeza] to shake; [+ala] to flap; [+alfombra] to beat; [+colchón] to shake; shake the dust out of
2 (quitar) [+tierra] to shake off; [+cuerda] to jerk; tug
3 (conmover) to shake
una tremenda emoción sacudió a la multitud a great wave of excitement ran through the crowd; sacudir a algn de su depresión to shake sb out of his depression; sacudir los nervios a algn to shatter sb's nerves
4 (pegar)
sacudir a algn to belt sb (familiar)
sacudir dinero a algn to screw money out of sb (familiar)
pronominal verb
sacudirse (uno mismo) to shake o.s.; [+brazo, pelo] to shake
el perro se sacudía el rabo the dog was wagging its tail; salió del mar sacudiéndose el agua he came out of the sea shaking the water off himself; sacúdete la arena del pelo shake the sand out of your hair
sacudirse (de) un peso
el caballo se sacudía las moscas con la cola the horse brushed off the flies with its tail; por fin se la han sacudido they've finally got rid of her
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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