A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
1. (to be self-aware)
a. to know oneself
Me conozco mejor que nadie.I know myself better than anyone else.
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
reciprocal verb
2. (to be acquainted with)
a. to know each other
Se conocen del colegio.They know each other from school.
3. (to see each other for the first time)
a. to meet
Se conocieron en un curso de inglés.They met during an English class.
4. (to become familiar with one another)
a. to know each other
Es una pena que no nos llegamos a conocer mejor.It's a shame we didn't get to know each other better.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (to be known)
a. to know
Se conoce todo el chisme del pueblo.He knows all of the town gossip.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
6. (to be acquainted with)
a. to know
Conozco a tu amigo del colegio.I know your friend from school.
7. (to see for the first time)
a. to meet
¿Dónde conociste a tu novio?Where did you meet your boyfriend?
8. (to have knowledge of)
a. to know
Conozco una buena manera de pelar papas.I know an easy way to peel potatoes.
b. to be familiar with
Estuve una vez en Cuzco pero no lo conozco bien.I’ve been to Cuzco once, but I'm not very familiar with it.
9. (to find out about)
a. to get to know (a person or a place)
Conociéndolo mejor, veo que es buena persona.Getting to know him better, I can see he's a good person.
Cuando llegamos a Madrid, salimos a caminar para conocer la ciudad.When we got to Madrid, we went out to walk around and get to know the city.
b. to familiarize oneself with
Tómate algún tiempo para conocer las nuevas reglas.Take some time to familiarize yourself with the new rules.
10. (to discover)
a. to visit
Siempre me hablas de tu ciudad natal pero ¿cuando la voy a conocer?You always talk to me about your home town, but when do I get to visit it?
b. to go to
Quiero conocer el sudeste asiático este verano.I want to go to Southeast Asia this summer.
c. to see
Ellos conocieron toda Europa durante su luna de miel.They saw all of Europe during their honeymoon.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
(in present perfect)
¿Conoces Londres?Have you ever been to London?
No conozco Nueva Zelanda, pero me encantaría ir.I've never been to New Zealand, but I'd love to go.
11. (to identify)
a. to recognize
¡No te conocía sin las gafas!I didn't recognize you without your glasses!
b. to know
Todos la conocen por su risa contagiosa.Everyone knows her by her contagious laugh.
12. (to experience)
a. to feel
Estos guerreros no conocen el miedo.These warriors feel no fear.
b. to know
Conoce muy bien el daño que puede causar la guerra.He knows full well the damage that war can cause.
A word or phrase restricted in usage to literature or established writing (e.g. sex, once upon a time).
(to have sexual relations with)
a. to know
A word or phrase that is seldom used in contemporary language and is recognized as being from another decade, (e.g. cat, groovy).
Lázaro aún no había conocido hembra.Lazarus had yet to know a woman.
14. (to master)
a. to know
¡No te preocupes! Ella conoce este tema como la palma de su mano.Don't worry! She knows this topic like the back of her hand.
b. to speak (languages)
Ella conoce el francés y el alemán porque se crió en Suiza.She speaks French and German because she was raised in Switzerland.
15. (legal)
a. to try
El caso debe ser conocido por un gran jurado.The case must be tried by a grand jury.
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
impersonal verb
16. (to appear)
a. to seem
Se conoce que tienen problemas.It seems like they are having problems.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
17. (legal; usado con "de")
a. to try
El juez que conoce del caso podría ser recusado por una de las partes.The judge who tried the case may be recused by either party.
18. (to have knowledge of; used with "de")
a. to know about
Él conoce de esa industria porque su papá fue ingeniero.He knows about that industry because his dad was an engineer.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (saber cosas acerca de)
a. to know
conocer algo a fondoto know something well
conocer bien un temato know a lot about a subject
darse a conocerto make oneself known
dieron a conocer la noticia a través de la prensathey announced the news through the press
2. (a una persona; por primera vez)
a. to meet
3. (desde hace tiempo)
a. to know
¿conoces a mi jefe?do you know o have you met my boss?
conocer a alguien de vistato know somebody by sight
conocer a alguien de oídasto have heard of somebody
¿de qué la conoces?how do you know her?
4. (lugar, país; descubrir)
a. to get to know, to visit for the first time
5. (desde hace tiempo)
a. to know
no conozco RusiaI've never been to Russia
me gustaría conocer AustraliaI'd like to go to o visit Australia
6. (reconocer)
conocer a alguien (por algo)to recognize somebody (by something)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
7. (uno mismo)
a. to know oneself
8. (dos o más personas; por primera vez)
a. to meet, to get to know each other
9. (desde hace tiempo)
a. to know each other
se conocen de vistathey know each other by sight
An impersonal verb is a verb with no apparent subject (e.g. Llueve en España.).
impersonal verb
10. (parecer)
se conoce que…apparently…
transitive verb
1 [+persona] (saber quién es) to know
conozco a todos sus hermanos I know all his brothers and sisters
lo conozco ligeramente
¿de qué lo conoces? where do you know him from?; la conozco de haber trabajado juntos I know her from having worked with her; ¿conoces a Pedro? have you met Pedro?; do you know Pedro?
no me conoce de nada he doesn't know me from Adam
Este cronista, que no le conoce de nada ni puede sentir la menor animadversión personal por usted
la conozco de oídas I've heard of her; I know of her
lo conozco de vista I know him by sight
(ver por primera vez) to meet
la conocí en Sevilla I met her in Seville
(saber cómo es) to get to know
cuando la conozcas mejor when you get to know her better; la única forma de conocerlo es vivir con él the only way to get to know him is to live with him
nunca llegué a conocer a María
la conozco como la palma de la mano I know her like the back of my hand
la conozco como si la hubiera parido I know her inside out; I can read her like a book
(reconocer) to recognize; know
te he conocido por el modo de andar I recognized o knew you from the way you walk
2 (tener conocimiento de) [+método, resultado] to know; [+noticia] to hear
conozco un camino más corto I know a shorter way; ella conoce una forma más fácil de hacerlo she knows an easier way to do it
aún no conocemos los resultados
el enfermo debe conocer la verdad the patient must be told o must know the truth
es imprescindible que el enfermo conozca la verdad (de su enfermedad) conoce todos los intríngulis de la ley
conozco las dificultades I know (about) the difficulties; no conocía tus dotes de pintor I didn't know what a good painter you were; conocía la existencia de los documentos she knew of the documents' existence; queremos conocer de cerca la situación we want to get to know the situation at first hand; investigaciones destinadas a conocer la verdad investigations aimed at establishing the truth
no llegué a conocer el secreto de su belleza
más vale lo malo conocido que lo bueno por conocer better the devil you know than the devil you don't
3 [+país, ciudad]
me encantaría conocer China I would love to go to China; no conozco Buenos Aires I've never been to Buenos Aires; I don't know Buenos Aires; quiero conocer mundo I want to see the world
4 (dominar) to know
conoce su oficio he knows his job; no conozco mucho el tema I don't know much about the subject
no conoce gran cosa de ciencias
conoce cuatro idiomas she speaks o knows four languages
5 (experimentar)
ha conocido dos guerras mundiales she has lived through two world wars; los muchos terremotos que ha conocido Italia the many earthquakes there have been in Italy; todavía no ha conocido el amor he's never known love
6 (distinguir) to know; tell
conoce cuáles son buenos y cuáles malos he knows o can tell which are good and which are bad
se le conoce que ha vivido en Madrid
por tu cara se te conoce que estás sano you can tell from your face that you are healthy
dar a conocer [+información] to announce; [+declaración, informe, cifras] to release
dio a conocer sus intenciones she announced her intentions; she made her intentions known; dieron a conocer el ganador del premio a través de la radio the prize was announced on the radio; no dieron a conocer su paradero por motivos de seguridad they didn't reveal where they were staying for security reasons; los hechos se dieron a conocer en enero the facts came to light in January
darse a conocer [+persona] to become known; make a name for o.s.
el cuarteto estadounidense # Manhattan Transfer" se dieron a conocer reviviendo canciones del pasado los poetas que se dieron a conocer a partir de 1975 Un numeroso grupo de dramaturgos que se dieron a conocer precisamente durante ese período
se dio a conocer en una película de Almodóvar he made his name in an Almodóvar film; darse a conocer a algn to make o.s. known to sb
8 (Jur) [+causa] to try
intransitive verb
1 (saber)
conocer de algo
¿alguien conoce de algún libro sobre el tema? does anybody know (of) a book on the subject?
no conoce de qué habla no está enterado de nada ni conoce de qué habla
2 (Jur)
conocer de o en una causa to try a case
pronominal verb
1 (uso reflexivo)
conocerse a sí mismo to know o.s.
pese a su edad, todavía no se conoce
2 (uso recíproco) (tener relación con) to know each other; know one another
muchos de los 750 miembros de la Academia de Artes y Ciencias ni se conocen entre sí son cinco hermanos pero no se conocen (entre ellos)
¿os conocéis? have you met?; do you know each other?; ya nos conocemos, no hace falta que nos presentes we've already met, there's no need to introduce us
(por primera vez) to meet
¿dónde os conocisteis? where did you (first) meet?; se conocieron en un baile they met at a dance
(familiarizarse) to get to know each other; get to know one another
Juan y yo nunca llegamos a conocernos bien Juan and I never really got to know each other
3 (reconocerse) [+uno mismo] to recognize o.s.; [+dos personas] to recognize each other
no me conocía en la foto I didn't recognize myself in the photo; se miraron pero no se conocieron they looked at each other but didn't recognize each other
4 (saber) to know
me lo conozco de memoria I know it off by heart
5 (uso impersonal)
se conocen varios casos several cases are known; se conocen con el nombre de composites they are known as composites
Se conocen con el nombre de materiales compuestos o composites se conocen bajo el nombre de Ronda de Uruguay
a esta enfermedad no se le conoce cura this illness has no known cure
no se le conoce participación política en los últimos años dirige una empresa comercial y no se le conoce participación política
no se le conoce ninguna novia he doesn't have a girlfriend as far as anyone knows
aún no conoce la [noticia] no conocemos aún su decisión
se conoce que ... apparently ...; it seems that ...; se conoce que se lo han contado apparently he's been told about it; it seems that he's been told about it; se conoce que no le ha sentado bien he's obviously not best pleased
Conocer, aplicado a personas o cosas, se traduce generalmente por know:
No conozco muy bien a su familia I don't know his family very well
Nos conocemos desde que éramos pequeños We have known each other since we were little
Conoce Manchester como la palma de la mano He knows Manchester like the back of his hand
Sin embargo, cuando queremos indicar que se trata del primer encuentro, se debe utilizar meet:
La conocí en una fiesta I (first) met her at a party
¿Conoces a Carmen? Ven que te la presento Have you met Carmen? Come and I'll introduce you
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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