A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to submerge)
a. to sink
El barco golpeó un banco de arena y se hundió.The boat hit a shoal and sank.
2. (to fall down)
a. to collapse
La torre se hundió por el temblor.The tower collapsed in the earthquake.
b. to cave in
El segundo piso se hundió por peso excesivo.The second floor caved in under excessive weight.
3. (to go down)
a. to subside
El edificio se hundió cuatro metros en la tierra fangosa.The building has subsided four meters into the muddy ground.
4. (to be ruined)
a. to go under
Después de luchar durante años, el negocio finalmente se hundió.After struggling for years, the business finally went under.
b. to collapse
Su negocio se hundió debido a la mala administración.His business collapsed due to mismanagement.
c. to go to the wall (United Kingdom)
La empresa se hundió porque los contadores desfalcaron dinero.The company went to the wall because the accountants embezzled money.
5. (to become sad)
a. to get depressed
Se hundió al enterarse de la muerte de su abuela.She got depressed when she heard about her grandmother's death.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
6. (to submerge)
a. to sink
El submarino disparó un torpedo y hundió el barco.The submarine fired a torpedo and sunk the ship.
7. (to bring down)
a. to destroy
Una campaña de mentiras hundió mi campaña electoral.A campaign of lies destroyed my election campaign.
b. to ruin
Si sales con eso puesto, vas a hundir tu reputación.If you go out in that, you will ruin your reputation.
c. to sink
Si él logra llegar a la presidencia, hundirá el país con deudas.If he becomes president, he'll sink the country into debt.
8. (to go down into)
a. to plunge
El asesino hundió el cuchillo en el cuello de la víctima.The murderer plunged the knife into the victim's neck.
b. to sink
Llenó los vasos con hielo y tequila. Hundió una cuchara en el vaso y empezó a mezclar.He filled the glasses with ice and tequila. He sunk a spoon in the glass and started mixing.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (sumergir)
a. to sink
hundió el cuchillo en su espaldashe buried the knife in his back
hundió los dedos en su cabellohe ran his fingers through her hair
2. (afligir)
a. to devastate, to destroy
el anuncio de su muerte hundió a la familiahis family was devastated by the news of his death
3. (hacer fracasar)
a. to ruin
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (sumergirse)
a. to sink
5. (intencionadamente)
a. to dive
6. (derrumbarse)
a. to collapse
7. (techo)
a. to cave in
8. (fig)
el estadio se hundió tras el tercer gol del equipothe stadium went wild after the team scored its third goal
9. (afligirse)
a. to be devastated
se hundió tras conocer su despidohe was devastated when he found out that he was being made redundant
10. (fracasar)
a. to be ruined
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (en agua) to sink
2 (destruir) [+edificio] to ruin; destroy; cause the collapse of; [+plan] to sink; ruin
3 (desmoralizar) to demoralize
me hundes en la miseria you are driving me to ruin
pronominal verb
1 (en agua) [+barco] to sink; [+nadador] to plunge; go down
se hundió en el estudio de la historia he immersed himself in the study of history; he became absorbed in the study of history; se hundió en la meditación he became lost in thought
2 (derrumbarse) [+edificio] to collapse; fall down; tumble down; [+terreno] to cave in; subside
3 (económicamente)
el negocio se hundió the business failed o went under o went to the wall; se hundieron los precios prices slumped; la economía se hundió the economy collapsed
4 (moralmente) to collapse; break down
hundirse en la miseria to get really low o depressed
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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