esforzarse

esforzarse(
ehs
-
fohr
-
sahr
-
seh
)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to put in effort)
a. to make an effort
Estos jóvenes se esfuerzan mucho para asegurar la seguridad de su barrio.These young people make a great effort to keep their neighborhood safe.
b. to try hard
Tendrás que esforzarte más si quieres llegar a ser médica.You'll have to try harder if you want to be a doctor.
c. to exert oneself
No deberías esforzarte tanto; tienes que recuperarte.You shouldn't exert yourself so much; you need to recover.
d. to strive
El nadador se esforzaba por nadar más rápido cada día.The swimmer strove to swim faster every day.
esforzar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (to exert)
a. to strain
Tuve que esforzar la vista para leer la letra pequeña.I had to strain my eyes to read the small print.
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esforzar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (voz, vista)
a. to strain
tuve que esforzar la vozI had to strain my voice
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
2. (general)
a. to make an effort
tienes que esforzarte más si quieres aprobaryou'll have to make more of an effort if you want to pass
nos esforzamos, pero fue imposible ganarloswe tried very hard, but they were impossible to beat
no te esfuerces, no puede oírtedon't bother (shouting), she can't hear you
esforzarse en o por hacer algoto try very hard to do something, to do one's best to do something
esforzar
transitive verb
[+voz] to strain
no esfuerces la vista don't strain your eyes
pronominal verb
esforzarse to exert o.s.; make an effort
hay que esforzarse más you must try harder; you must make more effort; esforzarse en o por conseguir algo to struggle o strive to achieve sth
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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