A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to cause to move more slowly)
a. to slow down
El piloto desaceleró poco a poco el avión hasta que se detuvo.The pilot slowed down the plane gradually until it stopped.
b. to decelerate
Desacelere el coche y cambie a segunda.Decelerate the car and shift into second gear.
2. (to cause to happen more slowly)
a. to slow down
El alto índice de desempleo está desacelerando el crecimiento.The high unemployment rate is slowing down growth.
b. to decelerate
El Gobierno quiere desacelerar la desertización del sur del país.The government wants to decelerate the desertification of the south of the country.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to move more slowly)
a. to slow down
Desacelere al aproximarse a la curva.Slown down as you approach the bend.
b. to decelerate
El tren desacelera progresivamente cuando llega a la ciudad.The train decelerates gradually when it arrives in the city.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to happen more slowly)
a. to slow down
Las economías asiáticas se están desacelerando.Asian economies are slowing down.
b. to decelerate
El pequeño comercio teme que el consumo interno se desacelere.Retailers fear domestic consumption might decelerate.
c. to decline
La demanda de productos nacionales se desacelera rápidamente.The demand of home products is rapidly declining.
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transitive verb
(Automóviles) to slow down
intransitive verb
1 (Automóviles) to decelerate; slow down
2 (Economía) to slow down; decline
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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