ceñir

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ceñir(
seh
-
nyeer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to fit tightly)
a. to cling to
Estos jeans apretados me ciñen las pantorrillas.These tight jeans cling to my calves.
b. to hug
Este vestido realza mi busto, pero, desafortunadamente, me ciñe la cintura.This dress accentuates my bust, but, unfortunately, it hugs my waist.
c. to be tight on
Le dije al sastre que la chaqueta del traje me ciñe los hombros.I told the tailor that the suit jacket is tight on my shoulders.
2. (to enclose)
a. to surround
Un bosque de pinos ciñe el lago.A pine forest surrounds the lake.
b. to encircle
Una muralla impenetrable ciñe la ciudad de Troya.An impenetrable wall encircles the city of Troy.
3. (to don)
a. to put on
Hugo ciñó el sombrero y salió de la casa.Hugo put on his hat and left the house.
ceñirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to adhere to)
a. to stick to
No divagues y cíñete al tema en cuestión.Don't ramble and stick to the subject in question.
b. to limit oneself
Cíñete a hablar solamente cuando se te otorgue el permiso.Limit yourself to speaking only when you are given permission.
c. to keep to
¿Quieres otra multa? Por favor, cíñete al límite de velocidad.You want another fine? Please, keep to the speed limit.
5. (to don)
a. to put on
El nuevo rey se ciñó la corona y se sentó en el trono.The new king put on the crown and sat on the throne.
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ceñir
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (apretar)
a. to be tight on
2. (abrazar)
a. to embrace
3. (amoldar)
a.
ceñir ato keep o restrict to
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (apretarse)
a. to tighten
5. (limitarse)
a.
ceñirse ato keep o stick to
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
ceñir
transitive verb
1 (ajustar)
el vestido le ceñía el cuerpo the dress clung to o hugged her body; the dress was really tight-fitting; la faja le ceñía el talle the sash fitted tightly around her waist
2 (Cos) to take in
habrá que ceñir más el talle the waist will need to be taken in more
3 (rodear) to surround; encircle
la muralla que ciñe la ciudad the wall that surrounds o encircles the city; un lazo de terciopelo le ceñía la cintura she had a velvet ribbon around her waist; a velvet ribbon encircled o (literario) girdled her waist; ceñí su cuerpo con mis brazos I wrapped my arms around his body
4 (llevar puesto)
la corona que ciñó nuestro rey the crown that our king wore; the crown that rested on the head of our king
pronominal verb
ceñirse
1 (reducirse)
ceñirse a algo: esta biografía se ciñe a la vida personal del autor this biography limits itself o restricts itself to the author's personal life
ciñéndonos al tema del precio su programa electoral se ciñe a aspectos económicos en este apartado nos ceñiremos a los aspectos económicos se ciñe exclusivamente a los aspectos políticos
me voy a ceñir a algunos detalles significativos I am going to limit o restrict myself to certain relevant details
2 (atenerse)
ceñirse a algo: no se ciñeron a lo acordado they did not keep to o stick to the agreement; será difícil ceñirse al presupuesto it will be difficult to keep to o keep within o stay within the budget
tiene que ceñirse a un modesto sueldo la comisión debe ceñirse al marco constitucional
por favor, cíñase a las preguntas del fiscal please keep to the questions of the public prosecutor; please limit yourself to answering the questions of the public prosecutor
por favor, cíñase al tema que nos ocupa
3 (ponerse) to put on
quiso ceñirse de nuevo el traje de novia she wanted to put on her wedding dress again; se ciñó la correa alrededor de la cintura she put the belt around her waist; se ciñó la gorra y se marchó he put o pulled his hat on and left; ceñirse la corona to be crowned; take the crown (literario); ceñirse la espada to put on one's sword; gird one's sword (literario)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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