desempeñar

desempeñar(
dehs
-
ehm
-
peh
-
ngahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to execute)
a. to carry out
El becario ha desempeñado todas sus tareas de manera eficiente.The intern has carried out all his assignments efficiently.
b. to hold (a position)
Actualmente, la Sra. González desempeña un cargo muy importante en la empresa.Currently, Ms. Gonzalez holds a very important position in the company.
c. to play (a role)
Estas hormonas desempeñan un papel fundamental en el metabolismo.These hormones play a fundamental role in metabolism.
2. (to retrieve valuables)
a. to redeem
Si usted no desempeña sus joyas, las revenderemos.If you fail to redeem your jewels, we'll resell them.
3. (theater)
a. to play
Mi primo desempeña el papel de Romeo.My cousin plays the part of Romeo.
desempeñarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
4. (to perform functions)
a. to work as
Me desempeñé como mesera para pagar la universidad.I worked as a waitress to pay for university.
5. (finances)
a. to get out of debt
Él se desempeñó temprano porque pagó más y más cada mes.He got out of debt early because he paid a little more each month.
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desempeñar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (función, misión)
a. to carry out
2. (cargo, puesto)
a. to hold
desempeña el cargo de tesorerohe holds the post of treasurer
3. (papel)
a. to play
desempeñó en muchas ocasiones el papel de Dráculahe played (the part of) Dracula many times
4. (joyas)
a. to redeem
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (general)
a. to get oneself out of debt
desempeñar
transitive verb
1 [+propiedades, joyas] to redeem; get out of pawn
desempeñar a algn to get sb out of debt; pay sb's debts
2 (llevar a cabo) [+deber, función] to perform; carry out; [+papel] también (Teat) to play;
3 (ocupar) [+cargo] to occupy; hold
pronominal verb
desempeñarse
1 (quitarse deudas) to get out of debt
2
desempeñarse como (Latinoamérica) to act as
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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