desgastar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
desgastar(
dehs
-
gahs
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to use up)
a. to wear away
Después de un año, la circulación constante de personas habían desgastado el linóleo del vestíbulo.After one year, the constant foot traffic had worn away the linoleum in the lobby.
b. to wear down
Caminar tanto va a desgastar los tacones de mis zapatos.Walking so much is going to wear down the heels of my shoes.
c. to wear out
Las actividades agotadoras sin estiramientos pueden desgastarte las articulaciones.Strenuous activity without any stretching can wear out your joints.
d. to erode
No debes comer tantos dulces. Pueden desgastarte los dientes.You shouldn't eat so much candy. It can erode your teeth.
desgastarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to become used up)
a. to wear out
No puedo conducir hoy porque las pastillas de freno de mi carro se desgastaron.I cannot drive today because my car's brake pads wore out.
b. to wear away
Las paredes de las arterias se pueden desgastar si tienes la presión alta.The walls of your arteries can wear away if you have high blood pressure.
c. to wear down
Siempre debes comprobar que tus llantas estén bien infladas para asegurar que no se desgasten.You should always check your tires for proper inflation to ensure that they do not wear down.
3. (to become exhausted)
a. to wear oneself out
Nuestro padre se desgastó jugando con todos los niños en la fiesta.Our father wore himself out playing with all the children at the party.
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desgastar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
a. to wear out
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (general)
a. to become worn
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
desgastar
transitive verb
1 [+ropa, zapatos, tejido, moqueta, neumático] to wear out; [+tacones, suela] to wear down; [+superficie] to wear away
he desgastado los zapatos de andar tanto tiene mucho cuidado y no desgasta la ropa el roce con la pared desgastó la cuerda
las olas han desgastado las rocas the waves have worn away the rocks
este pavimento desgasta los neumáticos
la corrupción ha desgastado al gobierno corruption has weakened the government
2 [+rival, contrincante] to wear down
desgastó al enemigo con sus ataques constantes
intransitive verb
(debilitar)
veinte años de poder desgastan after twenty years in power you get stale o run out of steam
pronominal verb
desgastarse
1 (gastarse) [+ropa, zapatos, tejido, neumático] to wear out; [+tacones, suela, grada] to wear down; [+superficie, roca] to wear away
la cuerda se desgastó con el roce friction wore away the rope
se me han desgastado las suelas de los zapatos
2 (agotarse) [+persona] to wear o.s. out
tras tantos intentos vanos acabó desgastándose el partido se desgastó en el gobierno
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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