A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to attain for oneself)
a. to gain
El científico se granjeó el reconocimiento de sus colegas con su investigación.The scientist gained his peers' recognition with his investigation.
b. to earn
Me granjeé varios enemigos por ser fiel a mis convicciones.I earned many enemies for standing by my convictions.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (to attain)
a. to earn
El nuevo empleado granjeó el respeto de sus compañeros.The new employee earned his workmates' respect.
b. to win
El espía primero tenía que granjear la confianza del guardia para tener acceso al edificio.The spy first had to win the security guard's trust to have access to the building.
c. to gain
La calidad de la tesis de mi profesor le granjeó la estima de sus colegas.The quality of my professor's thesis gained him the esteem of his colleagues.
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A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (general)
a. to gain, to earn
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (adquirir) [+respeto, enemigos] to earn
su actitud le granjeó una fama de intolerante his attitude earned him a reputation as a bigot
le granjeó la admiración de todos le han granjeado las simpatías del público femenino
2 (And) (S. Cone) (robar) to steal
pronominal verb
granjearse [+respeto, enemigos] to earn
se ha granjeado muchas simpatías en nueve tardes se ha granjeado un nombre Greenspan se ha granjeado el respeto de Washington
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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