A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(to sneak away)
a. to vanish
Joaquín se esfumó junto con su amante sin que nadie los viera.Joaquin vanished with his lover without being seen.
b. to disappear
Después de la fiesta, cuando llegó el momento de ordenar, todos se esfumaron.After the party, when the time came to tidy up, everyone disappeared.
2. (to be dispelled)
a. to fade
Perdí tres partidos consecutivos y se esfumaron mis esperanzas de ganar el torneo de tenis.My hopes of winning the tennis tournament faded when I lost three consecutive games.
b. to melt away
El pánico se esfumó cuando llegó la policía.Panic melted away when the police arrived.
c. to disappear
Ese idioma se esfumó de la faz de la Tierra.That language disappeared from the face of the Earth.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
3. (art)
a. to blur
El dibujante esfumó las mejillas de la mujer dibujada con su dedo.The artist blurred the cheeks of the woman he drew with his finger.
b. to soften
Utiliza un pincel limpio para esfumar el color y lograr un tono más apagado.Use a clean paintbrush to soften the color and get a muted tone.
c. to tone down
Esfuma el fondo para resaltar las figuras en primer plano.Tone down the background to make the figures in the front stand out.
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transitive verb
(Arte) to tone down; soften
pronominal verb
1 [+apoyo, esperanzas] to fade away; melt away
2 [+persona] to vanish; make o.s. scarce
¡esfúmate! get lost! (familiar)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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