acortar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
acortar(
ah
-
kohr
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to maker shorter)
a. to shorten
Si quieres acortar tu viaje al trabajo, no uses el metro durante la hora pico.If you want to shorten your commute, don't use the metro during rush hour.
El marinero acortó la soga con un cuchillo.The sailor shortened the rope with a knife.
b. to reduce
El tren de alta velocidad acortará el viaje entre las dos ciudades.The high-speed train will reduce the traveling time between the two cities.
c. to cut short (a trip, vacation or speech)
Acorté mi viaje porque tuve que regresar a casa por problemas personales.I cut short my trip because I had to return home due to personal problems.
2. (to abbreviate)
a. to cut down
La introducción es muy larga. ¿Puedes acortarla?The introduction is too long. Can you cut it down?
3. (clothing)
a. to take up
El sastre acortó la falda cuatro centímetros.The tailor took the skirt up four centimeters.
b. to shorten
Me gustaría acortar el largo de esta camiseta.I'd like to shorten the length of this t-shirt.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (to take a shortcut; used with "por")
a. to cut across
Acorta por el pueblo en lugar de bordearlo.Cut across the town instead of bypassing it.
b. to go through
Llegaremos a la cabaña más rápido si acortamos por el bosque.We'll get to the cabin quicker if we go through the forest.
acortarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to become shorter)
a. to get shorter
Las listas de espera para cirugía de rutina se van acortando cada año.Waiting lists for routine operations are getting shorter every year.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
acortar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (longitud, cuerda)
a. to shorten
2. (falda, pantalón)
a. to take up
3. (reunión, viaje)
a. to cut short
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
4. (general)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
por este camino acortaremoswe'll get there quicker this way
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (días)
a. to get shorter
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
acortar
transitive verb
[+vestido, falda, traje] to take up; shorten; [+artículo, texto] to shorten; cut down; [+periodo, duración] to shorten; reduce
esta carretera acortará la distancia entre las dos ciudades this road will shorten the distance between the two cities; yendo por aquí acortamos camino it's shorter if we go this way
esto acorta la duración del viaje
tuve que acortar las vacaciones y volver a casa I had to cut short my holidays and go home; el Barcelona está acortando distancias con el Real Madrid Barcelona is catching up with Real Madrid
pronominal verb
acortarse to get shorter
empiezan a acortarse los días the days are getting shorter
la minifalda se acorta cada vez más las distancias se han acortado considerablemente gracias a los nuevos medios de comunicación
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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