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Listen to an audio pronunciation
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to agitate)
a. to shake
Un par de amigos zarandeaban al borracho para que se despertara.A couple of his friends were shaking the drunk to make him wake up.
b. to jostle
El político abandonó su discurso cuando la muchedumbre lo zarandeó y lo escupió.The politician abandoned his speech when he was jostled and spat upon by the crowd.
c. to buffet (wind, waves)
Una racha de turbulencia zarandeó el avión y los pasajeros se asustaron.The plane was buffeted by a patch of turbulence and the passengers got scared.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
2. (to sway)
a. to toss about
Me mareo en los barcos porque se zarandean continuamente con las olas.I get seasick in boats because they continually toss about in the waves.
b. to rock
La estela del crucero hizo que se zarandearan todos los botes que había alrededor.All the nearby boats rocked in the wake of the cruiser.
3. (to move in an affected manner)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to sway one's hips
La muchacha pasó zarandeándose y todas las miradas se clavaron en ella.The girl walked past swaying her hips and all eyes were on her,
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (cosa)
a. to shake
2. (persona)
a. to jostle, to knock about
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (sacudir) to shake vigorously; (empujar) to jostle; push around
2 (dar prisa a) to keep on the go
3 (cribar) to sieve; sift
4 (Latinoamérica) (balancear) to swing; push to and fro
5 (insultar) to abuse publicly
pronominal verb
1 especialmente (Latinoamérica) (pavonearse) to strut about
2 (ir y venir) to keep on the go
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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