A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to be altered)
a. to transform
Una idea tan simple se transformó en un negocio próspero.Such a simple idea transformed into a thriving business.
b. to change completely
Julieta se transformó desde que es mamá.Julieta has completely changed since she became a mom.
c. to undergo a complete transformation
¡Qué elegante! Parece que tu hermano se ha transformado.How smart he looks! Your brother seems to have undergone a complete transformation.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Su padre se transforma cuando bebe.His father becomes a different person when he drinks.
Mi madre se transformó desde que se jubiló.My mother has been a different woman since she retired.
2. (to transmute; used with "en")
a. to be converted into
Estas calorías se transforman en grasas.These calories are converted into fat.
b. to become
El bombero se transformó en héroe, salvando las vidas de muchas personas.The fireman became a hero, saving the lives of many people.
c. to turn into
La oruga se transformó en mariposa.The caterpillar turned into a butterfly.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
3. (to alter)
a. to transform
Internet transformó la comunicación global.The internet transformed global communication.
b. to change
La educación puede transformar el mundo.Education can change the world.
4. (to transmute; used with "en")
a. to turn into
La hechicera del cuento transformó al príncipe en una rana.The witch in the story turned the prince into a frog.
b. to convert into
Pensamos transformar el garaje en oficina.We are planning to convert the garage into an office.
5. (electricity and biology; used with "en")
a. to convert into
Las celdas solares transforman la energía solar en eléctrica.Solar cells convert solar energy into electrical energy.
6. (sports)
a. to convert (rugby)
El zaguero galés no consiguió transformar el ensayo.The Welsh fullback failed to convert the try.
b. to score on (soccer)
El jugador brasileño transformó el penal.The Brazilian player scored on the penalty kick.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
7. (sports)
a. to convert (rugby)
En los últimos minutos el equipo transformó.The team converted in the last few minutes.
b. to score (soccer)
El delantero argentino no logró transformar.The Argentinian forward failed to score.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (convertir)
transformar algo (en)to convert something (into)
un convento transformado en hotela convent converted into a hotel
las penas lo han transformado en un alcohólicohis troubles have turned him into an alcoholic
2. (cambiar radicalmente)
transformar algo/a alguien (en)to transform something/somebody (into)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
3. (convertirse)
transformarse en algoto be converted into something
el pañuelo se transformó en una palomathe handkerchief turned into a dove
la zona se ha transformado en un campo de batallathe area has become a battleground
4. (cambiar radicalmente)
a. to be transformed
en un año la jovencita se había transformadoin just one year the young girl had undergone a transformation
transitive verb
1 (convertir)
transformar algo en algo to turn sth into sth; han transformado el palacio en museo they have turned o converted the palace into a museum; pretendía transformar el plomo en oro he aimed to turn lead into gold
2 (cambiar) to transform
su novia lo ha transformado his girlfriend has transformed him; las nuevas tecnologías han transformado el mundo de la comunicación new technology has transformed the world of communications
la cirugía estética lo ha transformado completamente
3 (Rugby) to convert
pronominal verb
1 (convertirse)
transformarse en algo to turn into sth; al hervir, el agua se transforma en vapor water turns o is converted into steam when it boils; la rana se transformó en príncipe the frog turned into a prince
2 (cambiar)
cuando sonríe se le transforma la cara her face is transformed when she smiles; desde que dejó de beber se ha transformado since he stopped drinking he's a changed man
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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