An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (to blow up)
a. to explode
El transbordador espacial Challenger estalló en 1986.The Space Shuttle Challenger exploded in 1986.
b. to erupt
La última vez que estalló el volcán Paricutín fue en 1952.The Paricutin volcano last erupted in 1952.
c. to go off
Una bomba estalló en un restaurante del centro, provocando un caos en las calles.A bomb went off in a downtown restaurant, causing chaos in the streets.
2. (to break)
a. to burst
Los globos que dejamos en el coche estallaron a causa del sol caliente.The balloons we left in the car all burst because of the hot sun.
b. to shatter
El camarero se tropezó y los vasos que llevaba estallaron en mil pedazos.The waiter tripped and the glasses he was carrying shattered into a thousand pieces.
c. to blow out
La ventana estalló cuando pasó el avión demasiado cerca de la casa.The window blew out when the plane came too close to the house.
d. to crash (waves)
Me encanta ver cómo las olas estallan en las rocas.I love watching how the waves crash on the rocks.
3. (to develop suddenly)
a. to break out
La Primera Guerra Mundial estalló después del asesinato del archiduque Franz Ferdinand.World War I broke out after the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
4. (to snap)
a. to crack
Un látigo estalló cerca de mi oído y casi me dejó sordo.A whip cracked next to my ear and almost left me deaf.
5. (to melt down emotionally)
a. to burst
Cuando recibió la mala noticia, estalló en lagrimas.When she got the bad news, she burst into tears.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (explotar; bomba)
a. to explode
2. (neumático)
a. to burst
3. (volcán)
a. to erupt
4. (cristal)
a. to shatter
5. (olas)
a. to break, to crash
si sigo comiendo voy a estallarif I eat any more I'll burst
6. (sonar; ovación)
a. to break out
7. (látigo)
a. to crack
8. (guerra, epidemia)
a. to break out
9. (tormenta)
a. to break
ha estallado un nuevo escándalo de corrupcióna new corruption scandal has erupted
10. (expresarse bruscamente)
a. to blow up, to blow one's top
se metieron tanto conmigo que al final estalléthey went on at me so much I eventually blew up o blew my top
estallar en sollozosto burst into tears
estallar en una carcajadato burst out laughing
¡voy a estallar de nervios!I'm so nervous!
intransitive verb
1 (reventar) [+pólvora, globo] to explode; [+bomba] to explode; go off; [+volcán] to erupt; [+neumático] to burst; [+vidrio] to shatter; [+látigo] to crack
estallar en llanto to burst into tears; el parabrisas estalló en pedazos the windscreen shattered; hacer estallar to set off; to spark off; start
2 [+epidemia, guerra, conflicto, sublevación] to break out
cuando estalló la guerra when the war broke out
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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