endurecer

endurecer(
ehn
-
doo
-
reh
-
sehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make harder or tougher)
a. to harden
Antes de poder hacer el bolso, hay que endurecer el cuero en un baño de agua.Before you can make the bag, you have to harden the leather in a water bath.
b. to toughen
Endurecer la piel puede eliminar las ampollas.Toughening skin can eliminate blisters.
2. (body, spirit)
a. to strengthen
Ir al gimnasio me ha ayudado a endurecer mis músculos.Going to the gym has helped me strengthen my muscles.
La arenga endureció nuestros espíritus.The pep talk strengthened our spirits.
3. (character, personality)
a. to toughen up
Sus experiencias han endurecido su carácter.Her experiences have toughened up her character.
b. to harden (to make emotionally callous)
Lo que vio en la guerra lo endureció.What he saw in the war hardened him.
4. (law, policy, stance)
a. to toughen
El Congreso quiere endurecer las leyes contra la droga.Congress wants to toughen drug laws.
endurecerse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
5. (to become hard)
a. to harden (physically or emotionally)
Después de la ruptura, su corazón se endureció.After the breakup, his heart hardened.
El cemento se endurecerá.The cement will harden.
b. to toughen up (character, personality)
Tienes que endurecerte.You have to toughen up.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
endurecer
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (hacer más duro)
a. to harden
2. (fortalecer)
a. to strengthen
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
endurecer
transitive verb
1 [+material, sustancia] (poner duro) to harden; (hacer más resistente) to toughen
un barniz que endurece las uñas a varnish that hardens your nails; el proceso de estiramiento endurece el metal the drawing process toughens the metal; ejercicios para endurecer los músculos exercises to strengthen the muscles
2 [+persona] (curtir) to toughen up; (volver insensible) to harden
la vida del campo lo endurecerá life in the country will toughen him up; los años que pasó en la cárcel lo endurecieron the years he spent in prison hardened him
3 (Jur) [+ley] to tighten; tighten up; [+pena, castigo] to make more severe
han endurecido las penas por tortura
han endurecido la política antiterrorista they've taken a tougher anti-terrorist line; they're toughening up on terrorism; los sindicatos han endurecido su postura the unions have taken a tougher stance; proponen endurecer las medidas contra el fraude they're proposing to take tougher o firmer measures against fraud
other collocates: bloqueo, embargo
el gobierno ha endurecido los controles the government has tightened (up) controls
pronominal verb
endurecerse
1 [+material, sustancia] (ponerse duro) to harden; get hard; (hacerse más resistente) to toughen
2 [+persona] (curtirse) to toughen up; (volverse insensible) to harden; become hardened
endurecerse a los peligros
se le ha endurecido el corazón he's become hardened o hard-hearted
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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