desbaratar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
desbaratar(
dehs
-
bah
-
rah
-
tahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to spoil)
a. to ruin
La infidelidad de María ha desbaratado su relación con Miguel.Maria's infidelity has ruined her relationship with Miguel.
b. to mess up
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
El viaje repentino de Juan desbarató la fiesta sorpresa que le estábamos planeando.Juan's sudden trip messed up the surprise party we were planning for him.
2. (to interrupt)
a. to disrupt
La tormenta eléctrica desbarató la transmisión del programa que estaba viendo.The electrical storm disrupted the transmission of the show I was watching.
3. (to damage)
a. to ruin
La entrada del agua ha desbaratado el mecanismo del reloj.The water that got into the clock ruined the mechanism.
b. to destroy
Un sobrecalentamiento desbarató el motor del coche.Overheating destroyed the car's engine.
desbaratarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to damage)
a. to break down
El mecanismo de la polea se ha desbaratado con el golpe del coche.The fan belt mechanism broke down when the car was hit.
b. to be disrupted
Se ha desbaratado todo el sistema por culpa de un cortocircuito.The whole system has been disrupted because of a short circuit.
c. to get broken
La aguja de la brújula se desbarató al acercarle un imán.The needle of the compass got broken when I went near a magnet.
d. to break
El mecanismo del reloj de caja se desbarató después del balonazo.The mechanism of the grandfather clock broke after being smashed by a ball.
5. (to lose one's composure)
a. to lose it
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Miguel se desbarató al enterarse de la infidelidad de María.Miguel lost it after finding out about Maria's infidelity.
6. (to get jumbled up)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to get messed up
Los documentos se desbarataron cuando los esparcí por la mesa.The documents got messed up when I scattered them the table.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
desbaratar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
a. to ruin, to wreck
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
desbaratar
transitive verb
1 (descomponer) [+plan] to spoil; thwart; [+empresa, grupo] to ruin; [+teoría] to destroy; [+sistema] to disrupt; cause chaos in
2 (Mil) to rout
3 [+fortuna] to squander
4 (Mecánica) to take to pieces
intransitive verb
to talk nonsense
pronominal verb
desbaratarse
1 (Mecánica) to break down
2 [+persona] (descontrolarse) to fly off the handle (familiar); (desestabilizarse) to become unbalanced
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
Word Roots
Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root.
Examplesloading
Learn Spanish with Fluencia
Try Fluencia, the new Spanish learning program from SpanishDict.
  • Fun and interactive
  • Highly effective
  • Easy to use
  • Works on any device
Start Learning
Did this page answer your question?