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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (to increase)
a. to rise
La temperatura ascendió considerablemente al mediodía.The temperature rose considerably at noon.
b. to go up
Los precios han ascendido en un 10% a lo largo del año.Prices have gone up by 10% over the course of the year.
2. (to clamber)
a. to climb
Los alpinistas fueron sorprendidos por una avalancha mientras ascendían.The hikers were caught in an avalanche when they were climbing.
3. (to move upwards)
a. to rise
El niño vio como su globo ascendía y desaparecía tras las nubes.The child watched his balloon rise and disappear behind the clouds.
b. to ascend
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g., usted).
El cohete ascendió a gran altura en tan solo unos segundos.The rocket ascended to a great altitude in just a few seconds.
4. (to be raised to a higher position)
a. to be promoted
Para ascender tienes que trabajar muy duro.You need to work very hard to be promoted.
b. to go up
Si el equipo gana este partido, ascenderá a segunda división.If the team wins this game, it will go up to second division.
c. to rise
Trabajó muy duro y ascendió rápido en la empresa.She worked very hard, and quickly rose in the firm.
5. (to total up to; used with "a")
a. to amount to
El importe de la deuda asciende a 10,000 pesos.The debt amounts to 10,000 pesos.
b. to come to
El mes anterior nuestras exportaciones ascendieron a dos millones de euros.Our exports came to two million euros last month.
c. to add up to
Los gastos en educación ascienden a más de un 11% del PIB.Expenses in education add up to more than 11% of the GDP.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
6. (to raise to a higher position)
a. to promote
Hace dos años la ascendieron a jefa de departamento.She was promoted to department head two years ago.
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An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (subir)
a. to go up, to climb
2. (aumentar, elevarse)
a. to rise, to go up
3. (en empleo, deportes)
a. to be promoted
ascender ato come o amount to
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
4. (general)
ascender a alguien (a)to promote somebody (to)
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
intransitive verb
1 (subir) [+persona] (en montaña) to climb up; (en el aire) to rise; ascend (formal)
ascendieron hasta 3.500 metros they climbed to 3,500 metres; ascendieron por el otro lado del monte they made their ascent on the other side of the mountain; they climbed up the other side of the mountain; el globo ascendió por los aires the balloon rose o ascended (formal) into the air; ascendía por las escaleras she ascended (literario) o climbed the steps
ascender en la escala social
2 [+temperatura, presión] to go up; rise
las temperaturas han ascendido en el norte
ascender a
[+empleado, equipo, militar] to be promoted to
ascendió al cargo de presidente de la compañía he was promoted to company president; he rose to the position of company president; el Málaga ha ascendido a primera división Málaga have gone up to the first division; Málaga have been promoted to the first division; ascender al trono to ascend the throne
cuando ascendió al trono desde que la ascendieron gana casi el doble
[+cantidad] to amount to; come to
los beneficios ascendieron a miles de libras the profits amounted o came to thousands of pounds; el número de heridos asciende ya a 20 the number of wounded has now risen to o has now reached 20; ¿a cuánto ascendió la factura? how much did the bill come to?
transitive verb
[+empleado, militar] to promote
lo ascendieron a teniente he rose o was promoted to the rank of lieutenant
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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