aislar

aislar(
ays
-
lahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to separate)
a. to isolate
El ingeniero de audio aisló la pista de voz de la canción.The audio engineer isolated the vocal track from the song.
2. (to deprive of contact)
a. to isolate
Los médicos aislaron a los pacientes con síntomas extraños a la espera de los resultados de los análisis.The doctors isolated the patients with strange symptoms pending test results.
b. to keep apart
Los guardas de la prisión aislaron a los convictos agresivos.The prison guards kept the aggressive convicts apart.
c. to cut off
La inundación aisló al pueblo antes de que los habitantes fueran evacuados.The flood cut off the town before the inhabitants were evacuated.
3. (to protect)
a. to insulate (elements and electricity)
El plomero aisló los caños de plástico con espuma.The plumber insulated the plastic pipes with foam.
b. to soundproof (noise)
Tuve que aislar la sala de ensayo debido a las quejas de los vecinos.I had to soundproof the rehearsal room due to neighbors' complaints.
4. (chemistry)
a. to isolate
Los científicos no lograron aislar el virus del Ébola.Scientists failed to isolate the Ebola virus.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (to protect; used with "de")
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Hay productos especiales para aislar de la humedad.There are special products for keeping the humidity out.
Tendremos que poner más aislamiento en el edificio para aislar mejor del frío.We'll have to add new insulation to the building to better insulate against the cold.
aislarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
6. (to close oneself off)
a. to isolate oneself
Manuel se aisló y perdió a todos sus amigos.Manuel isolated himself and lost all his friends.
b. to cut oneself off
Me aislé de mis compañeros de clase porque eran abusadores.My classmates were bullies and I cut myself off from them.
7. (to lose oneself in one's mind)
a. to detach oneself
Juliana creó un mundo de fantasía para aislarse de la cruel realidad.Juliana created a fantasy world to detach herself from the cruel reality.
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aislar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (persona)
a. to isolate
2. (del frío, de la electricidad)
a. to insulate
3. (del ruido)
a. to soundproof
4. (lugar)
a. to cut off
la nevada aisló la comarca del resto del paísthe snow cut the area off from the rest of the country
5. (virus)
a. to isolate
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
6. (general)
a.
estas ventanas aíslan muy bien del frío/ruidothese windows are very good at keeping the cold/noise out
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
7. (general)
a. to isolate oneself, to cut oneself off
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
aislar
transitive verb
1 (dejar solo) to isolate; (separar) to separate; detach
2 [+ciudad, fortaleza] to cut off
3 (Electricidad y Eléctronica) to insulate
pronominal verb
aislarse to isolate o.s.; cut o.s. off;de from;
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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