A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to overtake)
a. to overcome
El equipo superó a sus rivales en el campeonato.The team overcame their rivals in the championship match.
b. to go beyond
Te prometo que esta película superará todas tus expectativas.I promise you that this movie will go beyond all your expectations.
2. (to emotionally overcome)
a. to get over
Gabriel superó la muerte de su madre gracias al apoyo de su esposa.Gabriel got over the death of his mother thanks to his wife's support.
b. to get past
No podía superar por qué lo dejaría por su mejor amigo.He couldn't get past why she would leave him for his best friend.
3. (to succeed in)
a. to pass
Superé la entrevista y me dieron una oferta que no puedo negar.I passed the interview and they made me an offer I can't turn down.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
4. (to improve oneself)
a. to better oneself
Ella lee tres libros por mes para entender cómo superarse. She reads three books a month to understand how to better herself.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (sobrepasar)
a. to beat
queremos superar los resultados del año pasadowe want to improve on o beat last year's results
me superó por dos décimas de segundoshe beat me by two tenths of a second
superar algo/a alguien en algoto beat something/somebody for something
nos superan en númerothey outnumber us
me supera en altura/inteligenciahe's taller/cleverer than me
2. (adelantar)
a. to overtake, to pass
3. (época, técnica)
estar superadoto have been superseded
4. (resolver)
a. to overcome
superar un examento get through an exam
tener algo superadoto have got over something
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (mejorar)
a. to better oneself
se supera día a díahe goes from strength to strength
6. (lucirse)
a. to excel oneself
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (aventajar) [+contrincante, adversario] to overcome; [+límite] to go beyond; [+récord, marca] to break
fue incapaz de superar al rival he was unable to overcome his rival; pronto superó al resto de los corredores she soon overtook the other runners; las ventas han superado con creces nuestras expectativas sales have far exceeded our expectations
superó 2 veces la marca
las temperaturas han superado los 20 grados temperatures have risen (to) above 20 degrees; superar a algn en algo: superó al adversario en cuatro puntos she beat her opponent by four points; nos superaban en número they outnumbered us; nos supera a todos en inteligencia she's cleverer than all of us
2 (pasar con éxito) [+dificultad] to overcome; [+enfermedad, crisis] to get over
ha tenido que superar muchos obstáculos en su vida she has had to overcome a lot of obstacles in her life; aún no ha superado el divorcio de sus padres he still hasn't got over his parents' divorce
3 [+etapa] to get past
el equipo francés no superó la primera ronda the French team did not get past the first round; ya hemos superado lo peor we're over the worst now
4 [+prueba, examen] to pass
pronominal verb
superarse to excel o.s.
esta tortilla está buenísima, ¡te has superado! this omelette is delicious, you've excelled yourself!; un atleta que siempre intenta superarse an athlete who is always trying to do better
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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