A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to put around)
a. to surround
Estaban rodeados por el enemigo y tuvieron que rendirse.They were surrounded by the enemy and had to surrender.
b. to encircle
Nos vimos rodeados por la multitud.We felt encircled by the crowd.
2. (to go around)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to round up
El perro rodeó el ganado en el corral.The dog rounded up the cattle in the pen.
3. (to draw around)
a. to circle
Rodea el número correcto con lápiz o esfero.Circle the correct number with a pencil or pen.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
4. (to be accompanied)
a. to surround oneself
Se rodeó de su familia antes de fallecer.He surrounded himself with his family before passing away.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (poner o ponerse alrededor)
a. to surround
le rodeó el cuello con los brazosshe put her arms around his neck
¡ríndete, estás rodeado!surrender, we have you o you're surrounded!
vive rodeado de libroshe's always surrounded by books
2. (estar alrededor de)
a. to surround
el misterio que rodea la investigaciónthe mystery surrounding the investigation
todos los que la rodean hablan muy bien de ellaeveryone around her speaks very highly of her
3. (dar la vuelta a)
a. to go around
4. (eludir)
a. to skirt around
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (general)
rodear deto surround oneself with
transitive verb
1 (poner alrededor de) to encircle; enclose
rodearon el terreno con alambre de púas they surrounded the field with barbed wire; they put a barbed wire fence around the field; le rodeó el cuello con los brazos she threw her arms round his neck
2 (ponerse alrededor de) to surround
los soldados rodearon el edificio the soldiers surrounded the building
3 (Latinoamérica) [+ganado] to round up
pronominal verb
1 (volverse) to turn round
rodearse de to surround o.s. with; se rodeó de gente importante she surrounded herself with important people
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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