A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to direct one's gaze at)
a. to look at
Hay un hombre mirándote.There is a man looking at you.
b. to watch (implies greater attention or time)
¡Deja de mirarme todo el tiempo! No estoy haciendo nada malo.Stop watching me all the time! I'm not doing anything wrong.
2. (to pay attention to)
a. to be careful about
Mira mucho lo que come.She's very careful about what she eats.
b. to make sure
Mira que tengas todo el dinero en la cartera.Make sure you have all the money in your wallet.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to see)
a. to look
¡Mira! ¡Una estrella fugaz!Look! A shooting star!
El ladrón miró hacia atrás a ver si lo perseguían.The thief looked back to see if he was being followed.
4. (to be oriented)
a. to face
Mi habitación mira a la calle.My room faces the street.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
5. (to observe oneself)
a. to look at oneself
Narciso se miraba en el agua.Narcissus looked at himself in the water.
A reciprocal verb is a verb that indicates that two or more subjects perform an action on each other (e.g. Ellos se abrazan.).
reciprocal verb
6. (to observe one another)
a. to look at each other
Los enamorados se miraron y declararon su amor.The lovers looked at each other and declared their love.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (dirigir la vista a)
a. to look at
2. (observar)
a. to watch
3. (fijamente)
a. to stare at
mirar algo de cerca/lejosto look at something closely/from a distance
¡míralos!look at them!
mirar algo por encimato glance over something, to have a quick look at something
mirar a alguien bien/malto think highly/poorly of somebody
mirar a alguien de arriba abajoto look somebody up and down
4. (fig)
mirar a alguien por encima del hombroto look down on somebody
5. (colloquial)
de mírame y no me toquesvery fragile
6. (fijarse en)
primero mira cómo lo hago yofirst, watch o see how I do it
mira que no falte nada en las maletascheck to see nothing's missing from the suitcases
7. (examinar)
a. to check, to look through
le miraron todas las maletasthey searched all her luggage
8. (considerar)
mira bien lo que hacesbe careful about what you do
míralo desde este ángulo…look at it this way…
bien mirado…, mirándolo bien…if you think about it…
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
9. (dirigir la vista)
a. to look
10. (observar)
a. to watch
11. (fijamente)
a. to stare
¡mira!look (at that!)
mira, yo creo que…look, I think (that)…
mira que te aviséI told you so
mira por dónde…guess what?, would you believe it?
¡mira que eres pesado/tonto!you're being really tedious/silly!
12. (buscar)
a. to check, to look
he mirado en todas partesI've looked everywhere
13. (orientarse)
mirar ato face
14. (cuidar)
mirar por alguien/algoto look after somebody/something
mirar por los demásto look out for other people
15. (colloquial)
mirar a ver sito see if o whether
mira a ver si ha llegado la carta(go and) see if the letter has arrived
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
16. (uno mismo)
a. to look at oneself
17. (uno al otro)
a. to look at each other
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (ver) to look at
estaba mirando la foto she was looking at the photo; me miró con tristeza she looked at me sadly
me miró con odio/con desconfianza se pasó la tarde entera mirándola
miraban boquiabiertos el nuevo aparato they stared open-mouthed at the new machine
mirar a algn de arriba abajo to look sb up and down
mirar algo/a algn de reojo o de través to look at sth/sb out of the corner of one's eye
mirar fijamente algo/a algn to gaze o stare at sth/sb
los niños miraban fijamente la pantalla se me quedaron mirando fijamente
mirar algo por encima to glance over sth
mirar bien o con buenos ojos a algn to approve of sb
la familia real lo mira con buenos ojos el periódico mira bien / con buenos ojos la nueva ley de prensa
mirar mal o con malos ojos a algn to disapprove of sb
lo miran con malos ojos porque lleva un pendiente el gobierno mira mal el acuerdo / mira con malos ojos el acuerdo
de mírame y no me toques delicate; fragile
2 (observar) to watch
se quedó mirando cómo jugaban los niños she stood watching the children play; miraba los barcos she was watching the boats; estuvo mirando la tele todo el día he spent all day watching TV
3 (comprobar)
le miraron la maleta en la aduana they searched his suitcase at customs
en ese barrio conviene mirar el bolso
mira que no hierva el agua make sure the water doesn't boil; mira a ver lo que hace el niño go and see o check what the boy's up to
mira (a ver) si está en su cuarto
mira a ver si ha venido el taxi (look and) see if the taxi has come; míralo en el diccionario look it up in the dictionary
4 (pensar en)
no mira las dificultades he doesn't think of the difficulties; lo hago mirando el porvenir I'm doing it with the future in mind; ¡no gastes más, mira que no tenemos dinero! don't spend any more, remember we've no money!
mirándolo bien
si [bien] se mira
bien mirado o si bien se mira o mirándolo bien, la situación no es tan grave all in all, the situation isn't that bad; if you really think about it, the situation isn't all that bad; bien mirado o mirándolo bien, creo que lo haré más tarde on second thoughts, I think I'll do it later
5 (ser cuidadoso con)
mira mucho el dinero he's very careful with money; deberías mirar lo que gastas you should watch what you spend; mira mucho todos los detalles she pays great attention to detail
6 (uso exclamativo) (en imperativo)
¡mira qué cuadro tan bonito! look, what a pretty painting!; ¡mira cómo me has puesto de agua! look, you've covered me in water!; ¡mira lo que has hecho! (just) look what you've done!
¡mira lo que tenemos que aguantar!
¡mira quién fue a hablar! look who's talking!; ¡mira (bien) lo que haces! watch what you do!; ¡mira con quién hablas! just remember who you're talking to!
(indicando sorpresa, disgusto)
mira que
¡mira que es tonto! he's so stupid!; ¡mira que te avisé! didn't I warn you?; ¡mira que ponerse a llover ahora! it would have to start raining right now!
(indicando esperanza, temor)
mira que si
¡mira que si ganas! imagine if you win!; ¡mira que si no viene! just suppose he doesn't come!; ¡mira que si es mentira! just suppose it isn't true!; what if it isn't true?
7 (Latinoamérica) (ver) to see
¿lo miras? can you see it?
intransitive verb
1 (con la vista) to look
me vio pero miró hacia otro lado she saw me, but she looked the other way; estaba mirando por la ventana he was looking out of the window; miré por el agujero I looked through the hole; miró alrededor para ver si veía a alguien she looked around to see if she could see anyone
es mejor no mirar atrás con resentimiento
mirar de reojo o de través to look out of the corner of one's eye
2 (comprobar) to look
¿has mirado en el cajón? have you looked in the drawer?
3 (estar orientado hacia) to face
la casa mira al sur the house faces south; el balcón mira al jardín the balcony looks out onto the garden
4 (cuidar)
mirar por algn to look after sb; take care of sb
debes de mirar por tus hermanos you should look after o take care of your brothers; mira mucho por su ropa she takes great care of her clothes; solo mira por sus intereses he only looks after his own interests; tienes que mirar por ti mismo you have to look out for yourself
5 (uso exclamativo) (en imperativo)
¡mira! un ratón look, a mouse!; mira, yo creo que ... look, I think that ...; mira, déjame en paz ahora look, just leave me alone now; mire usted, yo no tengo por qué aguantar esto look here, I don't have to put up with this
(indicando sorpresa, admiración)
mira si
¡mira si estaría buena la sopa que todos repitieron! the soup was so good that everyone had seconds!; ¡mira si es listo el niño! what a clever boy he is!
¡(pues) mira por dónde ...! you'll never believe it!
mirar a (proponerse) to aim at
este proyecto mira a mejorar la calidad del agua this project is aimed at improving water quality
por lo que mira a as for; as regards
pronominal verb
1 (reflexivo) to look at o.s.
mirarse al o en el espejo to look at o.s. in the mirror
2 (recíproco) to look at each other o one another
Juan y María se miraron asombrados Juan and María looked at each other o one another in amazement; los amantes se miraron a los ojos the lovers looked into each other's eyes
se mire por donde se mire whichever way you look at it
mirarse mucho o muy bien de hacer algo to think carefully before doing sth
antes de denunciarla mírate mucho lo que haces. mirarse en ello
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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