frenar

frenar(
freh
-
nahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (automobile)
a. to brake
Hay un chirrido cada vez que freno el carro.There's a squeaking noise every time that I brake the car.
2. (to contain)
a. to check
Hicieron todo lo que podían para frenar la propagación de la enfermedad.They did everything they could to check the spread of the disease.
b. to slow down
No hubo nada que pudiéramos hacer para frenar la fuga.There was nothing that we could do to slow down the leak.
c. to curb
La película recibió tantas buenas reseñas que él no pudo frenar su entusiasmo para verla.The movie received so many good reviews that he was unable to curb his enthusiasm to see it.
d. to restrain
Se puso tan rabioso que tuvimos que frenarle para que no matara a alguien.He became so furious that we had to restrain him so he didn't kill someone.
e. to hold back
Las tropas consiguieron frenar a los invasores durante 40 días.The troops managed to hold back the invaders for 40 days.
f. to stem
El gobierno estatal está haciendo todo lo posible para frenar una ola de inmigración.The state government is doing everything possible to stem a wave of immigration.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (automobile)
a. to brake
Hay que frenar ligeramente en la nieve o perderás el control del carro.You have to brake lightly in the snow or you'll lose control of the car.
frenarse
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
reflexive verb
4. (to contain oneself)
a. to restrain oneself
Tenemos que hablar del comportamiento de su hijo porque le cuesta frenarse en clase.We need to talk about your son's behavior because he has trouble restraining himself in class.
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frenar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (automotive)
a. to brake
2. (contener)
a. to check
3. (disminuir)
a. to curb, to slow down
los altos tipos de interés frenan a los inversoresthe high interest rates are holding investors back
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
4. (en vehículo)
a. to brake
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
5. (contenerse)
a. to restrain oneself
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
frenar
transitive verb
1 (Automóviles) (Mecánica) to brake
2 (contener) [+inflación, crecimiento, avance, deterioro] to check; slow down; [+pasiones, entusiasmo] to curb; [+enemigo, ataque] to check; hold back
su novia tiene que frenarle para que no beba tanto his girlfriend has to restrain him from drinking so much
medidas para frenar el crecimiento económico un método aceptable para frenar el avance de la enfermedad los bomberos intentan frenar el avance del fuego para frenar el avance de su principal adversario político una estrategia para frenar el avance electoral del PP intervención militar para frenar el avance del ejército la terapia destinada a frenar el desarrollo de la enfermedad ese tipo de estructura agraria es un freno al desarrollo económico una política urbanística que frenó el deterioro del casco histórico medidas para frenar el deterioro de la economía/ para frenar el deterioro del nivel de vida una política monetaria restrictiva que frena la recuperación económica una estrategia para frenar el ascenso del fascismo
intransitive verb
(Automóviles) to brake
frena, que viene una curva brake, there's a bend coming up; frenar en seco to brake sharply o suddenly
pronominal verb
frenarse (contenerse) to restrain o.s.
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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