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Quick answer
"Go" is an intransitive verb which is often translated as "ir", and "out" is an adverb which is often translated as "afuera". Learn more about the difference between "go" and "out" below.
go(
go
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
1. (to move or travel)
a. ir
Does this bus go to the city center?¿Va este bus al centro de la ciudad?
Go to your room.Ve a tu habitación.
2. (to leave)
a. irse (person)
Please don't go!¡Por favor, no te vayas!
b. marcharse (person)
They decided it was time to go.Decidieron que era hora de marcharse.
c. salir (bus, train)
What time does this train go?¿A qué hora sale este tren?
3. (to progress)
a. ir
I hope everything goes well for you in the new job.Espero que todo te vaya bien en el trabajo nuevo.
4. (to become)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Carla went white with fear.Carla se puso blanca de miedo.
The fans went crazy when the band came on stage.Los fans se enloquecieron cuando el grupo salió al escenario.
5. (to lead)
a. ir
The path goes to the church.El camino va a la iglesia.
6. (to extend)
a. llegar
The water went up to my waist.El agua me llegó hasta la cintura.
b. extenderse
The woods go down to the river.El bosque se extiende hasta el río.
7. (to pass time)
a. pasar
Time goes by quickly when you're having fun.El tiempo pasa rápido cuando te diviertes.
8. (to be left)
a. quedar
Only three more exams to go now!¡Ya sólo quedan tres exámenes!
9. (to function)
a. funcionar
Is the motor going?¿Funciona el motor?
10. (to fit)
a. caber
Your luggage won't go in the car trunk.Tu equipaje no cabe en el maletero del coche.
11. (to be sold)
a. venderse
The painting went for $1.5 million.El cuadro se vendió en 1.5 millones de dólares.
12. (to go to the toilet)
a. ir al baño
She had bladder problems and needed to go all the time.Tenía problemas de la vejiga y tenía que ir al baño constantemente.
13. (to say)
a. decir
How does the song go?¿Cómo dice la canción?
14. (to be the rule)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Anything goes in that household.Todo vale en esa casa.
What I say goes.Yo soy la que manda aquí.
15. (to die)
a. llegar la hora
When I go, I don't want a big funeral.Cuando me llegue la hora, no quiero un gran funeral.
16. (to be consumed)
a. irse
Almost half of my salary goes to taxes.Casi la mitad de mi sueldo se va en impuestos.
17. (to move quickly)
a. correr
This motorbike can really go.Esta moto sí que corre.
18. (to disappear)
a. desaparecer
When she got back home, her husband was gone.Cuando volvió a casa, su marido había desaparecido.
b. pasarse
My headache has gone now.Ya se me ha pasado el dolor de cabeza.
19. (to cease to function)
a. irse
My voice has gone.Se me ha ido la voz.
b. estropearse
The computer went due to old age.La computadora se estropeó porque es vieja.
20. (to dispose of)
a. deshacerse de
All your old clothes have to go if you want to buy more.Tienes que deshacerte de toda tu ropa vieja si quieres comprar más.
21. (to have a place)
a. ir
Where do these plates go?¿Dónde van estos platos?
22. (to be)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I won't let my children go hungry.No voy a dejar que mi hijos pasen hambre.
Their pleas went unheard.Sus súplicas no fueron atendidas.
23. (to be available)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
I'll have whatever's going.Tomaré lo que haya.
There's plenty of beer going around if you're interested.Hay mucha cerveza por aquí si quieres.
24. (to continue)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
How many years has the choir been going?¿Cuántos años lleva funcionando el coro?
She would go for days without seeing another soul.Pasaba días enteros sin ver a un alma.
25. (to sound; with "off")
a. sonar
The alarm goes off if someone forces the door.La alarma suena cuando alguien fuerza la puerta.
26. (to be destined)
a. pasar (inheritance)
My house will go to my son when I die.Mi casa pasará a mi hijo cuando muera.
b. llevarse
First prize went to a graphic designer.El primer premio se lo llevó un diseñador gráfico.
27. (to match)
a. pegar
Pink and orange don't really go.El rosa y el naranja no pegan.
b. ir
I don't think fish and red wine go.Para mí, el pescado y el vino tinto no van.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
28. (to travel)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
We went 70 miles in one day.Hicimos 70 millas en un día.
We'll go this way because there is less traffic.Seguiremos este camino porque hay menos tráfico.
29.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to say)
a. decir
"I told you not to do it!", she went."¡Te dije que no lo hicieras!", dijo.
30. (to make the sound of)
a. hacer
The champagne cork went "pop."El corcho del champán hizo "pum".
An auxiliary verb, or helper verb, is a conjugated verb that comes before a main verb and determines the main verb's tense, mood, or aspect (e.g. I have gone.).
31. (to express future intention)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Don't touch that! - I wasn't going to.¡No toques eso! - No pensaba hacerlo.
I'm going to mow the lawn this afternoon.Voy a cortar el césped esta tarde.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
32. (energy)
a. el brío
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He was full of go and new ideas.Estaba lleno de brío y de nuevas ideas.
33. (try)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Can I have another go?¿Puedo intentarlo otra vez?
She did it in one go.Lo logró al primer intento.
34. (turn)
a. el turno
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
It's the yellow piece's go.Es el turno de la ficha amarilla.
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out(
aut
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (outside)
a. afuera
I left some of the grocery bags out in the car. Will you help me bring them in?Dejé algunas bolsas de mandado afuera en el carro. ¿Me ayudas a meterlas?
b. fuera
Make sure to wear sunscreen; it's sunny out.Asegúrate de ponerte bloqueador solar; fuera está soleado.
2. (not at work or at home)
a. fuera
She was out for most of the day, but she's here now.Estuvo fuera la mayor parte del día, para ya llegó.
b. afuera
I'll be out all next week. Please route my calls to Dr. García.Voy a estar afuera toda la semana que viene. Favor de pasar mis llamadas al Dr. García.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Could I see Mr. Richardson? - I'm sorry. He's out.¿Puedo ver al señor Richardson? - Lo siento. No está.
You've just missed him. He's just stepped out.Lo perdiste por poco. Acaba de salir.
3. (distance)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He lived out in Arizona for a couple of years.Estuvo viviendo en Arizona por un par de años.
The ship spotted a whale with her calf when it was two miles out.El barco vio una ballena con su cría cuando estaba a dos millas de distancia.
4. (on strike)
a. en huelga
The steel workers are out due to a dispute over working conditions.Los trabajadores acereros están en huelga debido a una disputa sobre las condiciones de trabajo.
5. (revealed)
a. descubierto
The secret's out about who your boyfriend is.Se ha descubierto el secreto de quién es tu novio.
b. desvelado
The lies have ended and the truth is out.Las mentiras se han acabado y la verdad se ha desvelado.
6. (available)
a. en existencia
She bought the best motorcycle out.Se compró la mejor motocicleta en existencia.
7. (blossomed)
a. en flor
The agapanthus have been out for a couple of months.Los agapanthus están en flor desde hace unos meses.
8. (out of fashion)
a. pasado de moda
Smoking is so out.Fumar es tan pasado de moda.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Skinny jeans are out this season.Los vaqueros flacos están pasados este año.
Wearing overalls to school is totally out, unless it’s an agricultural school.Ya no se llevan los overoles a la escuela, al menos que sea una escuela de agronomía.
9. (inaccurate)
a. equivocado
There’s no way that number is correct. You’re out.No hay forma de que ese número sea correcto. Estás equivocado.
10. (loudly)
a. en voz alta
You need to speak out so everyone can hear you.Debes hablar en voz alta para que todos te escuchen.
b. en alto
The teacher read out the list of names to the class.La maestra leyó en alto la lista de nombres a la clase.
11. (indicating purpose)
a. en busca
Raul is only out to make himself rich.Raúl solo está en busca de cómo enriquecerse.
12. (unconscious)
a. inconsciente
He’s been out ever since the branch fell on his head.Ha estado inconsciente desde que se le cayó la rama en la cabeza.
b. sin conocimiento
With just a couple of beers, she’s out.Con tan solo un par de cervezas, ella queda sin conocimiento.
13. (without)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Can I have some sugar in my coffee? - Sorry, we're out.¿Me pones un poco de azúcar en el café? - Lo siento, no queda.
I think I'll have eggs for breakfast. Oh no, we're out!Creo que voy a desayunar huevos. ¡Ay, no! No nos quedan.
14. (radio)
a. fuera
Reindeer team, state ETA, out.Equipo venado, diga hora de llegada, fuera.
15. (at an end)
a. terminado
School’s out in ten minutes, so the kids should be home soon.Las clases habrán terminado dentro de diez minutos, así que los niños pronto deben estar en casa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
16. (extinguished)
a. apagado
The lights are out. Do you have a flashlight?Las luces están apagadas. ¿Tienes una linterna?
17. (sports)
a. eliminado
There are only two teams left now that yours is out.Solo quedan dos equipos ahora que quedó eliminado el tuyo.
b. fuera
The ball landed out of bounds.La pelota cayó fuera de la cancha.
18. (legal)
a. libre
Charles had been in prison for five years before he was out last year.Charles había estado en prisión durante cinco años antes de quedar libre el año pasado.
19. (openly homosexual)
a. declarado
Pedro has been out for 15 years.Pedro ha estado declarado desde hace 15 años.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
20. (outside; used with "of")
a. fuera de
We prefer to live out of town.Preferimos vivir fuera de la ciudad.
21. (from among; used with "of")
a. de cada
That is the result in two cases out of ten.Ese es el resultado en dos de cada diez casos.
22. (indicating outward movement)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
He ran out the door.Salió corriendo por la puerta.
She looked out the window.Miró por la ventana.
23. (from the inside to the outside)
a. por
She started a fire when she threw her cigarette out the window.Empezó un incendio cuando echó su cigarro por la ventana.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
24. (escape)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
She’s worried because the contract didn’t leave her an out.Está preocupada porque el contrato no la dejó una escapatoria.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
25. (to expose as homosexual)
a. revelar como homosexual
After an argument, Ryan's sister outed him at school.Después de un pleito, la hermana de Ryan lo reveló como homosexual en la escuela.
26. (to reveal)
a. descubrir
He publicly outed the illegal activity going on at work.Públicamente descubrió la actividad ilegal que había en su trabajo.
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