Verbal Periphrasis in Spanish
Common Types of Verbal Periphrasis
Below you'll find three common types of verbal periphrasis used in Spanish.
1. Ir + Preposition + Infinitive
This first type of verbal periphrasis consists of a conjugated form of ir + a preposition + an infinitive.
2. Haber + Past Participle
This second type of verbal periphrasis consists of a conjugated form of haber + a past participle.
3. Estar + Present Participle
This third type of verbal periphrasis consists of a conjugated form of estar + a present participle.
List of Common Examples of Verbal Periphrasis
Below you'll find a list of some common verbal periphrases. Remember that only the first verb in each periphrasis is conjugated.
Verb + Infinitive
Verb + Present Participle
Verb + Past Participle
A Note on the Term Gerund
- In Spanish, the verb form that ends in -ndo is called the gerundio. It is used in compound verb forms, such as Estoy nadando. (I'm swimming.), as well as adverbially, as in Salió corriendo. (literally, He left running.)
- In English, a gerund is the noun form of a verb, such as swimming in the sentence Swimming is fun. (Es divertido nadar.). In Spanish, this form is translated using an infinitive verb, such as nadar.
- The term used for the -ing form used in compound verbs in English is the present participle.