Basic Spanish Prepositions
Prepositions are used to indicate a relationship between two words or phrases, linking them together. They are often used to indicate relationships of location, direction, or time.
As the prefix pre in the word preposition suggests, prepositions precede the word or words they link. There are simple prepositions, which consist of only one word, and compound prepositions, which consist of multiple words.
Below you will find a list of some of the most common simple prepositions in Spanish.
|to, at||before, in the presence of|
|in, on, at||between, among|
|until, toward||until, toward|
|for, in order to||for, by|
|about, on, upon, above, over, around||after, behind|
Using Spanish Prepositions
In most cases, prepositions are used the same way in Spanish as they are in English, and you will find their placements fairly logical. There are a few Spanish prepositions, however, that warrant a little extra attention. Below you'll find more in-depth information on a few of the most common Spanish prepositions.
This very common preposition can mean to, at, by, or for, among other translations.
It can be used to:
- indicate motion (translation: to)
- connect a verb to another verb in the infinitive (no direct English translation)
- indicate manner, or how something is done (translations: on, by, with)
- introduce a person as a direct object, aka the personal a (no direct English translation)
- introduce an indirect object (translations: to, for)
- express time (translation: at, although sometimes it has no direct translation)
This preposition can mean of, from, or with, among other translations. It can be used to:
- indicate possession (translations: of or possessive 's or s')
- indicate cause (translations: from, of, with)
- indicate origin (translations: from, of)
- talk about the beginning of a process (translation: from)
- compare or talk about a member of a group (translations: in, of or than)
- describe a noun using another noun (translation: of, although it often has no direct translation)
This common preposition can mean in, on, at, about, or by, among other translations. It can be used to:
- indicate location (translations: in, on, at)
- to indicate time (translation: in)
- to indicate manner, or how something is done (translation: by)
There are also many common phrases that begin with en: