sumir

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sumir(
soo
-
meer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to descend)
a. to plunge
Esta medicina sume a los pacientes en un estado de paz.This medicine plunges patients into a state of peace.
b. to sink
La soledad sumió a Marta en una profunda depresión.Solitude sank Marta into a deep depression.
2. (to submerge)
a. to plunge
El tsunami sumió la ciudad bajo el agua.The tsunami plunged the city underwater.
3. (to make a dent in) (Andes)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
(Southern Cone)
a. to dent
Adrián pegó al coche con su bicicleta y lo sumió.Adrián hit the car with his bicycle and dented it.
sumirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to fall into depression)
a. to sink into
Los padres que pierden a un hijo se sumen en un gran estado de tristeza.Parents who lose a child sink into a deep state of sadness.
b. to become lost
Sandra se sume en la desesperación cada vez que hace ejercicios de matemáticas.Sandra becomes lost every time she does math exercises.
5. (to get a dent in) (Andes)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
(Southern Cone)
a. to get dented
La lata se sumió al caer al piso.The can got dented when it fell on the floor.
6. (to become hollow)
a. to sink
La boca de mi abuelo se sumía cuando se quitaba la dentadura postiza.My grandfather's mouth would sink when he would take his dentures out.
7. (to draw back in fear)
Regionalism used in Latin America: all the countries in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Does not include Spain.
(Latin America)
a. to cower
Los niños se sumieron cuando apareció el profesor enfadado.The children cowered when the angry teacher appeared.
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sumir
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (general)
a.
sumir a alguien ento plunge somebody into
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
2. (depresión, sueño)
a. to sink into
3. (estudio, tema)
a. to immerse oneself in
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
sumir
transitive verb
1 (hundir) (gen) to sink; plunge; [+mar, olas] to swallow up; suck down;
2 (abismar) to plunge;en into
el desastre lo sumió en la tristeza the disaster filled him with sadness
3 (And) (S. Cone) (México) (abollar) to dent
pronominal verb
sumirse
1 (hundirse) to sink
2 [+agua] to run away
3
sumirse en el estudio to throw o.s. into one's studies; sumirse en la duda to be seized by doubt; sumirse en la tristeza to be filled with sadness
4 [+boca, pecho] to sink; be sunken; become hollow
5 (Latinoamérica) (encogerse) to cower; cringe; (desanimarse) to lose heart; (callar) to fall silent from fear; clam up
6
sumirse el sombrero (Latinoamérica) to pull one's hat down over one's eyes
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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