sufrir

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sufrir(
soo
-
freer
)
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
1. (to experience pain)
a. to suffer
No puede comer pastel porque sufre de diabetes.He can't eat cake because he suffers from diabetes.
Mejor corta comunicación con él, no quieres que sufra más.You'd better cut off communication with him, you don't want him to suffer anymore.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (to endure)
a. to stand
No puedo sufrir a mi suegra.I can't stand my mother in law.
b. to bear
No puede sufrir que la ignoren.She can bear to be ignored.
3. (to experience)
a. to suffer
Nuestro ejército sufrió el ataque a medianoche.Our army suffered the attack at midnight.
b. to have
Sufrieron un accidente cuando volvían a casa.They had an accident when they were coming back home.
c. to undergo (surgery)
Sufrió una operación y ahora tiene que descansar.He underwent surgery and now he has to rest.
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sufrir
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (padecer)
a. to suffer
2. (accidente)
a. to have
no sufrió dañosit wasn't damaged
sufrió una agresiónhe was the victim of an attack
3. (soportar)
a. to bear, to stand
tengo que sufrir sus maníasI have to put up with his idiosyncrasies
4. (experimentar)
a. to undergo, to experience
la Bolsa sufrió una caídathe stock market fell
la empresa ha sufrido pérdidasthe company has reported o made losses
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (padecer)
a. to suffer
sufrir deto suffer from
sufrir del estómagoto have a stomach complaint
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
sufrir
transitive verb
1 (tener) [+accidente] to have; suffer; [+consecuencias, revés] to suffer; [+cambio] to undergo; [+intervención quirúrgica] to have; undergo; [+pérdida] to suffer; sustain
la ciudad sufrió un ataque the city suffered o sustained an attack; sufrió un ataque al corazón he had a heart attack; sufrir un colapso to collapse
2 (soportar)
Juan no puede sufrir a su jefe Juan can't bear o stand his boss; no puede sufrir que la imiten she can't bear o stand people imitating her
3 [+examen, prueba] to undergo
4 (sostener) to hold up; support
intransitive verb
to suffer
sufría en silencio she suffered in silence; mi madre sufre mucho si llego tarde a casa my mother gets terribly worried if I'm late home; hacer sufrir a algn to make sb suffer; sufrir de algo to suffer from sth; sufre de reumatismo she suffers from rheumatism; sufre mucho de los pies she suffers a lot o has a lot of trouble with her feet
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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