sorprender
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
sorprender(
sohr
-
prehn
-
dehr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to astonish)
a. to surprise
Sus amigos la sorprendieron con una fiesta de cumpleaños.Her friends surprised her with a birthday party.
2. (to catch unawares)
a. to catch
Sorprendí a mi hijo intentando sacar una galleta del tarro de galletas.I caught my son trying to take a cookie out of the cookie jar.
sorprenderse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to be amazed)
a. to be surprised
Me sorprendí cuando me propuso matrimonio.I was surprised when he proposed.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
sorprender
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (asombrar)
a. to surprise
me sorprende verte por aquíI'm surprised to see you here
no me sorprende que se haya marchadoI'm not surprised she's left
2. (atrapar, pillar)
a. to catch
nos sorprendió la tormentawe got caught in the storm
sorprender a alguien (haciendo algo)to catch somebody (doing something)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (general)
a. to be surprised
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
sorprender
transitive verb
1 (asombrar) to surprise
no me sorprendería que ... I wouldn't be surprised if ...
2 (coger desprevenido) to catch; (Mil) to surprise
lo sorprendieron robando they caught him stealing
nos sorprendieron todavía en pijama
3 [+conversación] to overhear; [+secreto] to find out; discover; [+escondrijo] to find
intransitive verb
to be surprising
sorprende observar cómo lo hace it's surprising to see how he does it; sorprende la delicadeza de su verso the delicacy of her poetry is surprising
pronominal verb
sorprenderse to be surprised
me sorprendí de la claridad de sus ideas I was surprised at the clarity of his ideas; no me sorprendí de que se enfadara I wasn't surprised he got angry; se sorprendió mucho he was very surprised
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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