justificar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
justificar(
hoos
-
tee
-
fee
-
kahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to prove to be right)
a. to justify
Mario justificó su enfado diciendo que había tenido un mal día.Mario justified his behavior saying he had had a bad day.
b. to excuse
Justifiqué mi ausencia en la reunión presentando un permiso de baja.I excused my absence in the meeting by giving a medical leave.
2. (to account for)
a. to explain
El profesor pidió al estudiante que justificara su respuesta en el examen.The teacher asked the student to explain his answer on the exam.
3. (typography)
a. to justify
Nos dijeron que el texto debía estar justificado a la izquierda.They told us that the text should be justified to the left.
justificarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (to apologize)
a. to make excuses for oneself
Juan se justificó por el retraso diciendo que no le había sonado la alarma.Juan made excuses for himself for being late saying that the alarm didn't ring.
b. to justify oneself
Cuando se te olvida algo, siempre te justificas diciendo que es mi culpa por no apuntarlo.When you forget something, you always justify yourself by saying that it's my fault for not writing it down.
c. to excuse oneself
Si te justificas lo que dices, es porque no tienes confianza en ti mismo.If you excuse yourself for what you say, it's because you're not confident in yourself.
5. (to make sense)
a. to be justified
Mi decisión de irme se justifica si piensas en cómo me has tratado.My decision to leave is justified if you think of how you treated me.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
justificar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. ((gen) &)
a. to justify
2. (excusar)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
justificar a alguiento make excuses for somebody
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (actitud, decisión)
a. to be justified
4. (persona)
a. to justify o excuse oneself
justificarse por algoto excuse oneself for something
justificarse con alguiento make one's excuses to somebody
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
justificar
transitive verb
1 (explicar) to account for; explain
tendrá que justificar su ausencia del trabajo she will have to account for o explain her absence from work; el gobierno no pudo justificar el aumento del gasto the government was unable to account for o explain the increase in expenditure; justificó las compras con facturas he accounted for his purchases with receipts
2 (excusar) [+decisión, comportamiento] to justify; excuse
nada justifica tal violencia nothing can justify o excuse such violence; siempre justifica a sus hijos ante sus amigas she always defends her sons to her friends; es un criminal y no pretendo justificarlo he's a criminal and I'm not trying to make excuses for him
esa actitud no se puede justificar [con nada]
3 (Informática) (Tipografía) to justify
pronominal verb
justificarse to justify o.s.; make excuses for o.s.
no intentes justificarte porque no tienes razón don't try and justify yourself o make excuses for yourself because you're in the wrong; se justificó diciendo que el tren llegó tarde he justified himself o made his excuses saying the train was late
no hace falta que te justifiques
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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