inspirar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
inspirar(
eens
-
pee
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (biology)
a. to inhale
El viejo abrió la ventana e inspiró el aire marino.The old man opened the window and inhaled the sea air.
b. to breathe in
Eufemia salió a la calle e inspiró el aire nocturno.Eufemia went out into the street and breathed in the night air.
c. to breathe
Inspiramos pura contaminación en esta ciudad.We breathe nothing but polluted air in this city.
d.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Jaime inspiró hondo y se tiró al agua.Jaime took a deep breath and dived into the water.
Inspira un poco de aire fresco para relajarte.Take a breath of fresh air; it'll help you relax.
2. (to motivate)
a. to inspire
La lucha de mi hermano contra la discapacidad me inspiró a recaudar fondos para los discapacitados.My brother's battle against his disability inspired me to raise money for disabled people.
3. (to provoke)
a. to inspire (feeling or confidence)
Hay algo en Diana que inspira lealtad.There is something about Diana that inspires loyalty.
b. to arouse (feeling)
Los animales jóvenes nos inspiran sentimientos de cariño y ternura.Young animals arouse feelings of warmth and tenderness in us.
c. to fill with (feeling or confidence)
El abogado no me inspiraba confianza.The attorney didn't fill me with confidence.
d. to inspire with (confidence)
La expresión de la enfermera no me inspiraba confianza.The nurse's expression didn't inspire me with confidence.
4. (to serve as a source of inspiration for)
a. to inspire
Elena fue la musa que inspiró esta canción.Elena was the muse who inspired this song.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (biology)
a. to breathe in
La respiración consiste en inspirar y expirar.Respiration consists of breathing in and breathing out.
b. to inhale
Es importante inspirar por la nariz, no por la boca.It's important to inhale through your nose rather than through your mouth.
inspirarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (to use as a model)
a. to be inspired
Su novela se inspiró en la historia de la tribu Qom.His novel was inspired by the history of the Qom tribe.
El novelista se inspiró en un incidente que le ocurrió a su abuelo.The novelist was inspired by an incident that happened to his grandfather.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
El compositor se inspiró en una noticia que leyó en un periódico.The composer found inspiration in a story he read in a newspaper.
El libro se inspira en la evacuación de muchísimos niños vascos durante la guerra civil española.The inspiration for the book was the evacuation of a great many Basque children during the Spanish Civil War.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
inspirar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (sentimientos, ideas)
a. to inspire
no me inspira mucha confianzahe doesn't inspire much confidence in me
me inspira terrorI find him frightening
2. (respirar)
a. to inhale, to breathe in
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (general)
a. to be inspired
viajó al Caribe para inspirarsehe went to the Caribbean in search of inspiration
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
inspirar
transitive verb
1 [+artista] to inspire
eso no inspira confianza al consumidor that does not inspire confidence in the consumer; prefiero inspirar respeto a inspirar miedo I prefer to inspire respect rather than instill fear
2 (Med) to inhale; breathe in
pronominal verb
inspirarse
inspirarse en algo to be inspired by sth; find inspiration in sth
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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