A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to harm oneself physically)
a. to hurt
Se hirió la mano cuando estaba cortando la cebolla.He hurt his hand when he was cutting an onion.
b. to injure oneself
Me herí tratando de escapar.I injured myself trying to escape.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
2. (to harm physically)
a. to wound
La bala lo hirió en el hombro.The bullet wounded him in the shoulder.
b. to injure
La explosión hirió a varias personas, pero a ninguna de gravedad.The explosion injured several people, but none of them seriously.
3. (to offend)
a. to hurt
Tus palabras hirieron su orgullo.Your words hurt his pride.
4. (to damage)
a. to hurt
Los colores brillantes me hieren la vista.Bright colors hurt my eyes.
5. (to beat)
a. to hit
Dobla las rodillas y hiere la pelota con el palo.Bend your knees and hit the ball with the club.
b. to strike
Hirió la pelota fuerte.He struck the ball hard.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (físicamente)
a. to injure
2. (en lucha, atentado)
a. to wound
lo hirieron en el hombrohe was wounded in the shoulder, he suffered a shoulder wound
la hirieron de muerteshe was fatally wounded
3. (vista)
a. to hurt
4. (oído)
a. to pierce
el nuevo edificio hiere la vistathe new building is an eyesore
5. (sentimentalmente)
a. to hurt
lo que dijiste le hirió profundamentewhat you said hurt him deeply
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (lesionar) (gen) to injure; hurt; (con arma) to wound
herir a algn en el brazo to wound sb in the arm
2 (ofender) to hurt
me hirió en lo más hondo it really hurt me deep down
3 (irritar) [+sol, luz] to beat down on
un color que hiere la vista a colour which offends the eye
4 (golpear) to beat; strike; hit
5 (Música) to pluck; play
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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