estrujar

estrujar(
ehs
-
troo
-
hahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to compress)
a. to squeeze
Estrujé la lima para sacar todo el jugo posible.I squeezed the lime to extract as much juice as possible.
b. to press
En la producción de vino estrujamos las uvas para obtener su jugo.In winemaking we press the grapes to obtain their juice.
2. (to squeeze)
a. to wring
Al estrujar el trapo salió un montón de agua.When I wrung the cloth a lot of water came out.
b. to wring out
Estrujé el trapeador girando el mango.I wrung out the mop by twisting the handle.
3.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to extort)
a. to bleed dry
Cristina está estrujando a su padre para sus caprichos y a él no le queda dinero.Cristina is bleeding her father dry to pay for her whims and he has no money left.
4. (to grip)
a. to squeeze
Antes de entrar a la entrevista, me estrujó la mano, queriendo tranquilizarme.Before I went in to the interview, she squeezed my hand, wanting to reassure me.
b. to hold tight
El niño estrujó a la madre y le dijo que la quería.The child held his mother tight and said he loved her.
5. (to crush)
a. to scrunch up
La papelera estaba llena de papeles que el escritor había estrujado y desechado.The waste basket was full of papers which the writer had scrunched up and thrown away.
b. to crumple
No quería sentarme por temor a estrujar mi falda.I didn't want to sit down in case I crumpled my skirt.
c. to crumple up
Estrujó la carta y la botó a la basura.She crumpled up the letter and threw it in the trash.
d. to screw up (United Kingdom)
Estrujé la hoja donde estaba escribiendo porque había demasiadas tachaduras.I screwed up the sheet I was writing on because it had too many things crossed out.
estrujarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (to become creased)
a. to get crumpled
La camisa de seda se estrujó en el viaje y aquí no tengo plancha.The silk shirt got crumpled on the journey and I don't have an iron here.
b. to wrinkle
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
No puedes meter ese vestido en la maleta porque se estrujará.You can't put that dress in the suitcase because it will wrinkle.
c. to get creased (United Kingdom)
Esta blusa es preciosa pero se estruja muy fácilmente.This blouse is lovely but it gets creased very easily.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to search)
a. to rack
Me estrujé los sesos para dar con la solución al problema.I racked my brains to find the solution to the problem.
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estrujar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (limón)
a. to squeeze
2. (trapo, ropa)
a. to wring (out)
3. (papel)
a. to screw up
4. (caja)
a. to crush
5. (persona, mano)
a. to squeeze
me estrujó un piehe squashed my foot
¡no me estrujes!don't squash o crush me!
6. (sacar partido)
a. to bleed dry
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
7. (apretujarse)
a. to huddle together
estrujar
transitive verb
1 (exprimir) to squeeze
2 (apretar) to press
3 (escurrir) [+bayeta, trapo] to wring
estrujar la ropa
4 (aprovecharse de) to drain; bleed white
pronominal verb
estrujarse
estrujarse la mollera to rack one's brains (familiar)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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