A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (to get lost)
a. to stray
Varias ovejas se descarriaron durante la tormenta, y los esfuerzos del perro por reagruparlas fueron en vano.Several sheep strayed during the storm, and the dog's efforts to reagroup them were in vain.
b. to lose one's way
Los excursionistas se descarriaron y tuvieron que pasar la noche en el bosque.The travelers lost their way and had to spend the night in the forest.
2. (to deviate from the right path)
a. to go astray
Aunque es cierto que te descarriaste en un momento dado de tu vida, todavía estás a tiempo de rectificar.Although it's true that you went astray at a given point in your life, you are still on time to put things right.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
3. (to cause to deviate from the right path)
a. to lead astray
En la adolescencia, mis supuestos amigos me descarriaron y acabé metido en líos.When I was a teenager, my so-called friends led me astray, and I ended up in trouble.
4. (to cause to get lost)
a. to misdirect
Sin querer, descarrié al turista que me preguntó dónde estaba el ayuntamiento.I accidentally misdirected the tourist who asked me where the town hall was.
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A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
1. (ovejas, ganado)
a. to stray
2. (persona)
a. to lose one's way, to go astray
transitive verb
1 (en camino) [+persona] to misdirect; [+animal] to separate from the herd; single out
2 (en proyecto, vida) to lead astray
pronominal verb
1 (perder el camino) [+persona] to lose one's way; [+animal] to stray
2 (desviarse de lo correcto) to go astray
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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