A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to become infected)
a. to contract
Contrajo malaria de un mosquito que la picó.She contracted malaria from a mosquito that bit her.
b. to catch
Contraje un resfriado que me tiene bien congestionado.I caught a cold that is making me really congested.
2. (anatomy)
a. to contract
Este ejercicio contrae los músculos de la pierna y la cadera.This exercise contracts the muscles in your leg and your hips.
b. to tighten
Contrajo los músculos con cada abdominal.She tightened her muscles with every sit-up.
c. to contort
Contrajo la cara de asco al ver el cadáver.He contorted his face in disgust when he saw the cadaver.
3. (to get into a habit)
a. to acquire
Cuando estaba en la universidad, contrajo algunas malas costumbres, como fumar.She acquired some bad habits, like smoking, when she was in college.
4. (to make an obligation)
a. to contract
Hay que estar dispuesto a contraer una deuda para montar un negocio.You have to be willing to contract a debt to start up a business.
b. to incur
No había manera de que pagaran las deudas que habían contraído.There was no way for them to pay back the debts they had incurred.
c. to make (commitment)
Hemos contraído más compromisos de los que podemos cumplir.We've made more commitments that we can fulfill.
5. (to make shrink)
a. to shrink
El frío puede contraer el material de su chaqueta y hacer que se rompa fácilmente.The cold may shrink the material in your jacket and cause it to tear easily.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (anatomy)
a. to contract
Se me contrae la pantorrilla cuando salto.My calf contracts when I jump.
7. (to shrink)
a. to contract
El agua no se contrae cuando se congela, sino que se expande.Water doesn't contract when it freezes, rather it expands.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (encoger)
a. to contract
2. (vicio, costumbre)
a. to acquire
3. (enfermedad)
a. to catch
contraer matrimonio (con)to get married (to)
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (general)
a. to contract
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+enfermedad] to contract (formal); catch
2 [+compromiso] to make; take on; [+obligación] to take on; contract (formal)
el obispo contrajo la obligación de reparar la iglesia
[+deuda, crédito] to incur; contract (formal)
ha contraido una enorme deuda con nuestro país tenían que pagar los créditos contraídos con EEUU la enorme deuda contraída le denunciaron por no cumplir los compromisos contraídos
contraer matrimonio (con algn) to marry (sb); contrajo parentesco con la familia real she married into the royal family
3 [+costumbre] to get into; acquire (formal)
corre el riesgo de contraer la costumbre de drogarse
4 [+músculo, nervio] to contract
la presión contrae el músculo
tenía el rostro contraído por el dolor his face was contorted o twisted with pain; tanta pobreza le contrajo el corazón such poverty made his heart bleed
5 [+metal, objeto] to cause to contract
la humedad contrae las cuerdas dampness causes the ropes to contract
el frío contrae la madera
pronominal verb
1 [+músculo, nervio] to contract
se le quedó el músculo contraído his muscle contracted o tightened
se le contrajo el músculo el corazón se contrae y se dilata
2 [+objeto, material] to contract
un material que se contrae al contacto con el agua la masa se contrae al contacto con el agua la madera se ha contraído
3 (Lingüística) to contract
la preposición 'a' y artículo 'el' se contraen en 'al'
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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