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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to take into body)
a. to inhale
Sara se inclinó sobre la flor para aspirar su fragancia.Sara bent over the flower to inhale its perfume.
b. to breathe in
Lydia se cubrió la cara con una bufanda para evitar aspirar el aire frío.Lydia covered her face with a scarf to avoid breathing in the cold air.
c. to sniff (a substance)
Hay un par de tipos aspirando algo en ese callejón.There are a couple of guys sniffing something in that alley.
2. (to clean with a vacuum cleaner)
a. to vacuum
Este accesorio se usa para aspirar el polvo de los muebles.This accessory is used for vacuuming dust from furniture.
b. to hoover (United Kingdom)
Tengo que aspirar mi habitación.I must hoover my room.
c. to pick up (the vacuum cleaner)
La aspiradora no aspiraba el polvo porque la bolsa estaba llena.The vacuum cleaner wasn't picking up dust because the bag was full.
3. (to suction)
a. to suck in
El calentador aspira aire frío.The heater sucks in cold air.
b. to suck up
Esta máquina aspira la saliva del paciente.This machine sucks up the patient's saliva.
4. (linguistics)
a. to aspirate
Tienes que aspirar más la hache.You need to aspirate the "h" more.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (to aim; used with "a")
a. to hope to
Mi hijo aspira a ser astronauta.My son hopes to become an astronaut.
b. to aspire to
El candidato aspiraba a convertirse en presidente.The candidate aspired to become president.
6. (to clean)
a. to vacuum
¡Tranquila, puedes pasar! Todavía no he aspirado.Don't worry, you can come in! I haven't vacuumed yet.
b. to hoover (United Kingdom)
Quítate los zapatos para entrar, que acabo de aspirar.Take your shoes off if you're coming in; I've just hoovered.
c. to pick up (the vacuum cleaner)
Mi aspiradora no aspira.My vacuum cleaner isn't picking up.
7. (to take in air)
a. to breathe in
Cálmate, aspira y espira despacio.Calm down, breathe in and breathe out slowly.
b. to inhale
Lucas se acercó a la puerta y aspiró hondo.Lucas went to the door and inhaled deeply.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (aire; sujeto: persona)
a. to breathe in, to inhale
2. (sujeto: máquina)
a. to suck in
3. (limpiar con aspirador)
a. to vacuum
b. to hoover (United Kingdom)
4. (linguistics)
a. to aspirate
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (general)
aspirar a algoto aspire to something
aspira a (ser) ministrohe aspires to become a minister
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+aire] to breathe in; inhale; [+líquido] to suck in; take in; [+droga] to sniff
2 (Lingüística) to aspirate
intransitive verb
aspirar a algo to aspire to sth; no aspiro a tanto I do not aim so high; aspirar a hacer algo to aspire to do sth; aim to do sth; el que no sepa eso que no aspire a aprobar whoever doesn't know that can have no hope of passing
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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