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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (politics)
a. to pass
El congreso aprobó una reforma energética.Congress passed an energy reform.
2. (to accept)
a. to approve
¿La contaduría ya aprobó el presupuesto?Has accounting approved the budget yet?
b. to endorse
El comité de vecindarios aprobó el plan de la ciudad.The neighborhood committee endorsed the city's plan.
3. (education)
a. to pass
Hay que estudiar mucho para aprobar ese examen de matemáticas.You have to study a lot to pass that math test.
4. (to be in favor of)
a. to approve of
No apruebo la música fuerte de mi vecino a las tres de la mañana.I don't approve of my neighbor's loud music at three in the morning.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (education)
a. to pass
Después de mucho trabajo arduo, por fin aprobé.After a lot of hard work, I finally passed.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (politics)
a. to pass
La reforma constitucional necesita aprobarse por mayoría absoluta en las dos cámaras.The constitutional reform needs to pass with an absolute majority in both chambers.
b. to be passed
La nueva ley contra la violencia de género se aprobó por abrumadora mayoría.The new law against gender-based violence was passed by an overwhelming majority.
c. to go through
El proyecto de ley del salario mínimo se aprobó el pasado agosto.The minimum wage bill went through last August.
7. (to get the green light)
a. to be approved
El proyecto se aprobará en la próxima reunión del consejo.The project will be approved in the next meeting of the board.
b. to go through (purchase)
La transacción no se aprobó, señora. Intentémoslo de nuevo con la misma tarjeta.The transaction didn't go through, ma'am. Let's try again with the same card.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (proyecto, medida)
a. to approve
2. (ley, moción)
a. to pass
3. (examen, asignatura)
a. to pass
me han aprobado en químicaI passed my chemistry exam
4. (comportamiento)
a. to approve of
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+ley, proyecto de ley] to pass
el gobierno ha aprobado la devalución de la peseta
[+informe, plan, acuerdo] to approve; endorse
el parlamento aprobó el tratado the treaty was approved o endorsed by Parliament
el pueblo aprobó la reforma en un referéndum
2 [+alumno, asignatura] to pass
¿aprobaste el examen? did you pass the exam?; no he aprobado las matemáticas I haven't passed mathematics; no me han aprobado la literatura I didn't get a pass in literature
3 [+decisión, actitud] to approve of
no apruebo tu amistad con esa chica I don't approve of your friendship with that girl; mi familia aprobó mi decisión de casarme my family approved of my decision to get married
intransitive verb
to pass
aprobé en francés I passed (in) French
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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