alterar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
alterar(
ahl
-
teh
-
rahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to transform)
a. to alter
Han alterado el horario de autobuses y ahora no sé cuándo vendrá.They have altered the bus schedule and now I don't know when it's coming.
b. to change
Alguien ha debido de alterar los resultados de la encuesta porque ayer eran diferentes.Someone must have changed the results of the survey because yesterday they were different.
c. to modify
El efecto invernadero está alterando la temperatura del planeta.The greenhouse effect is modifying the planet's temperature.
d. to distort
El entrevistador alteró mis palabras para hacerme quedar mal.The interviewer distorted what I said to make me look bad.
2. (to make anxious)
a. to agitate
Mudarse altera a cualquiera por todo el trabajo que implica.Moving out would agitate anyone based on all the work it implies.
b. to fluster
Alterar a mi padre es tan fácil como gastarle una broma.Flustering my father is as easy as playing a joke on him.
3. (to ruin)
a. to make go off
El fuerte olor de la nevera alteró el sabor de la leche.The strong smell in the fridge made the taste of the milk go off.
b. to spoil
Un huevo en mal estado alteró toda la masa, así que tuve que tirarla.A bad egg spoiled the dough, so I had to throw it away.
4. (to affect)
a. to upset
Lucía alteró a su madre con la noticia del suspenso.Lucia upset her mother with the news of her failing grade.
b. to disrupt
La nueva prueba aportada en el juicio alteró el veredicto.The new evidence provided in court disrupted the verdict.
c. to disturb
El chico nuevo alteró la tranquilidad de la clase.The new student disturbed the tranquility of the classroom.
alterarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to get nervous)
a. to get agitated
La situación me está alterando y por eso me estoy poniendo tan agresivo.The situation is getting me agitated and that's why I'm getting so aggressive.
b. to get flustered
Mi hermano no dejaba de silbar y me estaba alterando.My brother wouldn't stop whistling and I was getting flustered.
6. (to be ruined)
a. to go off
La comida se alteró después de varios días fuera de la nevera.The food went off after several days outside of the fridge.
b. to go bad
Los plátanos se alteraron tras varias horas a pleno sol.The bananas went bad after several hours in the sun.
7. (to break)
a. to falter (voice)
La voz de mi madre se alteró cuando me dijo que el perro había muerto.My mother's voice faltered when she told me our dog had died.
8. (to get upset)
a. to be upset
Julia y Edu se alteraron al enterarse de que mi novio y yo habíamos roto.Julia and Edu were upset when they found out that my boyfriend and I had broken up.
b. to be shaken
Los fans se alteraron por la cancelación del concierto.The fans were shaken by the cancellation of the concert.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
alterar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (cambiar)
a. to alter
alterar el orden de las palabrasto change the order of the words
esto altera nuestros planesthat changes our plans
2. (perturbar; persona)
a. to agitate, to fluster
le alteran mucho los cambioschange upsets him a lot
3. (orden público)
a. to disrupt
fue detenido por alterar el orden públicohe was arrested for causing a breach of the peace
4. (estropear)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
el calor alteró los alimentosthe heat made the food go off
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (perturbarse)
a. to get agitated o flustered
6. (estropearse)
a. to go off
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
alterar
transitive verb
1 (cambiar) to modify; alter
tuvimos que alterar los planes por la huelga we had to modify o alter our plans because of the strike
2 (estropear) [+alimentos] to spoil; [+leche] to sour
la humedad alteró los alimentos the humidity spoiled the food; the humidity made the food go bad
3 (conmocionar) to shake; upset
la noticia del accidente la alteró visiblemente she was visibly shaken o upset by the news of the accident
4
alterar el orden to disturb the peace
5 (distorsionar) [+verdad] to distort; twist
pronominal verb
alterarse
1 (estropearse) [+alimentos] to spoil; go bad; [+leche] to go sour
2 [+voz] to falter
3 (turbarse) to be shaken; be upset
se alteró con la noticia de su muerte he was shaken o upset by the news of her death; ¡tranquila, no te alteres! keep calm!; don't get upset!; continuó hablando sin alterarse he continued speaking unperturbed
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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Phrases with "alterar"
Here are the most popular phrases with "alterar." Click the phrases to see the full entry.
alterar el ADN de un ser vivo es un acto cuestionable
altering the DNA of a living being is a questionable act
alterar el orden público
to disturb the peace
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