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Quick answer
"Into" is a preposition which is often translated as "en", and "out" is an adverb which is often translated as "afuera". Learn more about the difference between "into" and "out" below.
into(
ihn
-
tu
)
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
1. (indicating motion)
a. en
Get into bed and I'll read you a story.Métete en la cama y te leo un cuento.
b. a
We went into the house as soon as it started to rain.Entramos a la casa en cuanto empezó a llover.
2. (indicating change)
a. en
He turned into an honest man.Se convirtió en un hombre honesto.
b. a
Can you translate this word into German?¿Puedes traducir esta palabra al alemán?
3. (indicating physical contact)
a. contra
The truck crashed into the wall.El camión chocó contra la pared.
b. con
I ran into an old friend as I was walking in the park.Me topé con una vieja amiga mientras caminaba en el parque.
4. (time)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Five minutes into Act II, he had a heart attack.A los cinco minutos de empezar el Acto II, sufrió un infarto.
The devaluation continued into the 1960s.La devaluación continuó hasta los años sesenta.
5. (in relation to)
a. de
There is to be an inquiry into the election fraud.Van a hacer una investigación del fraude electoral.
6. (mathematics)
a. entre
Three into nine is three.Nueve entre tres son tres.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(indicating an interest in)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He used to be into drugs.Antes tomaba drogas.
I'm really into knitting.Me gusta mucho tejer.
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out(
aut
)
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
1. (outside)
a. afuera
I left some of the grocery bags out in the car. Will you help me bring them in?Dejé algunas bolsas de mandado afuera en el carro. ¿Me ayudas a meterlas?
b. fuera
Make sure to wear sunscreen; it's sunny out.Asegúrate de ponerte bloqueador solar; fuera está soleado.
2. (not at work or at home)
a. fuera
She was out for most of the day, but she's here now.Estuvo fuera la mayor parte del día, para ya llegó.
b. afuera
I'll be out all next week. Please route my calls to Dr. García.Voy a estar afuera toda la semana que viene. Favor de pasar mis llamadas al Dr. García.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Could I see Mr. Richardson? - I'm sorry. He's out.¿Puedo ver al señor Richardson? - Lo siento. No está.
You've just missed him. He's just stepped out.Lo perdiste por poco. Acaba de salir.
3. (distance)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He lived out in Arizona for a couple of years.Estuvo viviendo en Arizona por un par de años.
The ship spotted a whale with her calf when it was two miles out.El barco vio una ballena con su cría cuando estaba a dos millas de distancia.
4. (on strike)
a. en huelga
The steel workers are out due to a dispute over working conditions.Los trabajadores acereros están en huelga debido a una disputa sobre las condiciones de trabajo.
5. (revealed)
a. descubierto
The secret's out about who your boyfriend is.Se ha descubierto el secreto de quién es tu novio.
b. desvelado
The lies have ended and the truth is out.Las mentiras se han acabado y la verdad se ha desvelado.
6. (available)
a. en existencia
She bought the best motorcycle out.Se compró la mejor motocicleta en existencia.
7. (blossomed)
a. en flor
The agapanthus have been out for a couple of months.Los agapanthus están en flor desde hace unos meses.
8. (out of fashion)
a. pasado de moda
Smoking is so out.Fumar es tan pasado de moda.
b.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Skinny jeans are out this season.Los vaqueros flacos están pasados este año.
Wearing overalls to school is totally out, unless it’s an agricultural school.Ya no se llevan los overoles a la escuela, al menos que sea una escuela de agronomía.
9. (inaccurate)
a. equivocado
There’s no way that number is correct. You’re out.No hay forma de que ese número sea correcto. Estás equivocado.
10. (loudly)
a. en voz alta
You need to speak out so everyone can hear you.Debes hablar en voz alta para que todos te escuchen.
b. en alto
The teacher read out the list of names to the class.La maestra leyó en alto la lista de nombres a la clase.
11. (indicating purpose)
a. en busca
Raul is only out to make himself rich.Raúl solo está en busca de cómo enriquecerse.
12. (unconscious)
a. inconsciente
He’s been out ever since the branch fell on his head.Ha estado inconsciente desde que se le cayó la rama en la cabeza.
b. sin conocimiento
With just a couple of beers, she’s out.Con tan solo un par de cervezas, ella queda sin conocimiento.
13. (without)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Can I have some sugar in my coffee? - Sorry, we're out.¿Me pones un poco de azúcar en el café? - Lo siento, no queda.
I think I'll have eggs for breakfast. Oh no, we're out!Creo que voy a desayunar huevos. ¡Ay, no! No nos quedan.
14. (radio)
a. fuera
Reindeer team, state ETA, out.Equipo venado, diga hora de llegada, fuera.
15. (at an end)
a. terminado
School’s out in ten minutes, so the kids should be home soon.Las clases habrán terminado dentro de diez minutos, así que los niños pronto deben estar en casa.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
16. (extinguished)
a. apagado
The lights are out. Do you have a flashlight?Las luces están apagadas. ¿Tienes una linterna?
17. (sports)
a. eliminado
There are only two teams left now that yours is out.Solo quedan dos equipos ahora que quedó eliminado el tuyo.
b. fuera
The ball landed out of bounds.La pelota cayó fuera de la cancha.
18. (legal)
a. libre
Charles had been in prison for five years before he was out last year.Charles había estado en prisión durante cinco años antes de quedar libre el año pasado.
19. (openly homosexual)
a. declarado
Pedro has been out for 15 years.Pedro ha estado declarado desde hace 15 años.
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun and another word (e.g. He ran through the door.).
20. (outside; used with "of")
a. fuera de
We prefer to live out of town.Preferimos vivir fuera de la ciudad.
21. (from among; used with "of")
a. de cada
That is the result in two cases out of ten.Ese es el resultado en dos de cada diez casos.
22. (indicating outward movement)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
He ran out the door.Salió corriendo por la puerta.
She looked out the window.Miró por la ventana.
23. (from the inside to the outside)
a. por
She started a fire when she threw her cigarette out the window.Empezó un incendio cuando echó su cigarro por la ventana.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
24. (escape)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
She’s worried because the contract didn’t leave her an out.Está preocupada porque el contrato no la dejó una escapatoria.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
25. (to expose as homosexual)
a. revelar como homosexual
After an argument, Ryan's sister outed him at school.Después de un pleito, la hermana de Ryan lo reveló como homosexual en la escuela.
26. (to reveal)
a. descubrir
He publicly outed the illegal activity going on at work.Públicamente descubrió la actividad ilegal que había en su trabajo.
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