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alcanzar
transitive verb
1. to catch up with (igualarse con)
  • ¿a que no me alcanzas? bet you can't catch me!
2. to reach (llegar a)
  • alcanzar la meta to reach the finishing line
  • lo alcancé con una escalera I used a ladder to reach it
  • alcanzó la costa a nado he swam to the coast
  • este coche alcanza los 200 km/h this car can do up to o reach 200 km/h
  • el desempleo ha alcanzado un máximo histórico unemployment is at o has reached an all-time high
3. to achieve (lograr) (objetivo)
  • alcanzar la fama/el éxito to achieve fame/success
4. (entregar)
  • alcánzame ese jarrón, que no llego hasta el estante could you get that vase down for me, I can't reach the shelf
5. to hit (golpear, dar)
  • le alcanzaron dos disparos he was hit by two shots
intransitive verb
6. (ser suficiente)
  • alcanzar para algo/alguien to be enough for something/somebody
  • alcanzar para hacer algo to be enough to do something
  • no sé si alcanzará para todos I don't know if there'll be enough for everyone
7. (poder)
  • alcanzar a hacer algo to be able to do something
  • alcancé a verlo unos segundos I managed to see him for a few seconds
  • no alcanzo a comprender por qué I can't begin to understand why
8. (llegar)
  • no alcanzo I can't reach it
  • hasta donde alcanza la vista as far as the eye can see
alcanzar
transitive verb
1 (en carrera) [+persona] (llegar a la altura de) to catch up (with)
cuando lo alcancé
la alcancé cuando salía por la puerta I caught up with her o I caught her up just as she was going out of the door; están a punto de alcanzar al grupo de cabeza they are about to catch (up with) the leading group; dentro de poco alcanzará a su padre en altura he'll soon be as tall as his father
[+ladrón, autobús, tren] to catch
no nos alcanzarán nunca they'll never catch us
2 (llegar a) [+cima, límite, edad] to reach
unos límites que no habían sido alcanzados antes estuvimos a punto de alcanzar nuesto objetivo
por fin alcanzaron la cima they finally reached the summit
alcanzar la cima de la montaña
alcanzó las cajas con un palo she reached the boxes with a stick; puede alcanzar una velocidad de 200km/h it can reach speeds of up to 200km/h; alcanzó el rango de general he reached the rank of general; la producción ha alcanzado las 20 toneladas production has reached 20 tons; el libro ha alcanzado ya las seis ediciones the book is already in its sixth edition; las montañas alcanzan los 5.000m the mountains rise to 5,000m; el termómetro llegó a alcanzar los cuarenta grados temperatures rose as high as forty degrees
alcanzar la mayoría de edad to come of age
alcanzó la orilla a nado he made it to the shore by swimming; he swam back to the shore
no llegó a alcanzar la pubertad he never made it as far as puberty
3 (conseguir) [+acuerdo] to reach; [+éxito, objetivo] to achieve
el acuerdo fue alcanzado tras muchos meses de conversaciones the agreement was reached after many months of talks
Los éxitos alcanzados en los laboratorios de la Universidad de Illinois
las expectativas no se corresponden con los resultados alcanzados the expectations are out of proportion with the results that have been achieved
alcanzar la fama to find fame; become famous
alcanzar la paz to achieve peace
4 (afectar) to affect
el cambio nos alcanzará a todos the change will affect us all; una ley que alcanza sobre todo a los jubilados a law which mainly affects o hits pensioners
a mí ese problema no me alcanza
5 [+bala] to hit
uno de los dos disparos alcanzó al presidente the president was hit by one of the two shots; la lancha fue alcanzada por un obús the launch was hit by a shell
6 especialmente (Latinoamérica) (dar) to pass
alcanzar algo [a] algn
alcánzame la sal, por favor could you pass (me) the salt, please?; ¿me alcanzas las tijeras? could you pass me the scissors?
7 (entender) to grasp; understand
no alcanza más allá de lo que le han enseñado he's only capable of understanding what he's been taught
alcanzar un [puesto]
intransitive verb
1 (llegar) to reach;a, hasta as far as
no alcanzo I can't reach; no alcanzaba al timbre she couldn't reach (as far as) the doorbell
hasta donde alcanza la vista as far as the eye can see
2
alcanzar a hacer algo to manage to do sth
no alcancé a verlo I didn't manage to see him; no alcanzo a ver cómo pudo suceder I can't see how it can have happened
no alcanza a hacerlo
no alcanzo a comprender sus razones I just can't understand her reasons
3 (ser suficiente) to be enough
con dos botellas alcanzará para todos two bottles will be enough for everyone
alcanzar para todos
el sueldo no me alcanza para nada I can't make ends meet on my salary; ¿te alcanza para el tren? especialmente (Latinoamérica) have you got enough money for the train?
4 (Latinoamérica) (ascender)
¿a cuánto alcanza todo? how much does it all come to?
Verb Conjugations for alcanzar
Gerund: alcanzando
Participle: alcanzado
The irregular conjugations of this verb are in red.
Indicative
PresentPreteritImperfectConditionalFuture
yoalcanzoalcancéalcanzabaalcanzaríaalcanzaré
alcanzasalcanzastealcanzabasalcanzaríasalcanzarás
él/ella/Ud.alcanzaalcanzóalcanzabaalcanzaríaalcanzará
nosotrosalcanzamosalcanzamosalcanzábamosalcanzaríamosalcanzaremos
vosotrosalcanzáisalcanzasteisalcanzabaisalcanzaríaisalcanzaréis
ellos/ellas/Uds.alcanzanalcanzaronalcanzabanalcanzaríanalcanzarán
View complete conjugation for alcanzar
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