Overview

Direct objects are nouns which receive the action of a verb in a sentence. Direct object pronouns replace that noun (and also noun phrases and nominalized clauses). Just like personal (subject) pronouns replace the subject noun in a sentence, direct object pronouns replace the direct object noun in a sentence which can be a person or a thing. 

  Singular Plural
1st person me (me) nos (us)
2nd person te (you, familiar) os (you, familiar plural)
3rd person lo, la (it, him, her, you formal) los, las (them, you, formal plural)

The direct object of a sentence can be an object:

- Sandra tiró la pelota. - Sandra threw the ball. 

  • “La pelota” receives the action of “tiró.”  “La pelota” is the direct object of the sentence.  It is singular and feminine, and since it represents an inanimate object, it is in the 3rd person, therefore, you can replace it with the direct object pronoun “la.”
  • Sandra la tiró. - Sandra threw it.

- Los niños leen muchos libros. - The boys read lots of books.

  • “Muchos libros” receives the action of “leen.” It is plural, masculine, and 3rd person, so it can be replaced with the direct object pronoun “los.”
  • Los niños los leen.

The direct object of a sentence can also be a person:

  • They called us - Nos llamaron.
  • I love you. - Te quiero.

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