Demonstrative Pronouns in Spanish
Imagine you had two pasteles(cakes) in front of you, and someone asked you which one you wanted. If you were feeling particularly succinct, you could simply respond with este(this one) or ese(that one). Este and ese are both demonstrative pronouns. While they look very similar to demonstrative adjectives, demonstrative pronouns replace, rather than describe, a noun.
In the past, demonstrative pronouns were always written with a tilde(written accent) to differentiate them from demonstrative adjectives. However, la RAE(Real Academia Española), the institution responsible for regulating the Spanish language, has ruled that the tildes are no longer necessary. Thanks for making life easier, RAE!
Spanish Demonstrative Pronoun Forms
Spanish has three types of demonstrative pronoun, and they all must match the nouns they replace in gender and number.
Este is used to replace a noun close to the speaker. Below you'll find the four forms this pronoun can take, as well as some examples of each.
|Masculine||este(this, this one)||estos(these, these ones)|
|Feminine||esta(this, this one)||estas(these, these ones)|
Here are examples of the four forms of este can take.
Ese is used to replace a noun that is not very close to the speaker (though it may be close to whoever the speaker is talking to). Check out the different forms ese can take.
|Masculine||ese(that, that one)||esos(those those ones)|
|Feminine||esa(that, that one)||esas(those, those ones)|
Here are examples of the four forms of ese.
|Masculine||aquel(that, that one)||aquellos(those, those ones)|
|Feminine||aquella(that, that one)||aquellas(those, those ones)|
Here are examples of aquel in action.