A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to upset mentally)
a. to disturb
Durante la guerra vio cosas que lo trastornaron y jamás volvió a ser el mismo.He was disturbed by the things he saw during the war and he was never the same again.
b. to unhinge
La tragedia la trastornó y cayó en una depresión.The tragedy unhinged her and she succumbed to depression.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
No me voy a dejar trastornar por cochazos y otras riquezas.I'm not going to lose my head over flashy cars and other riches.
Temo que ese chico la trastorne y que abandone los estudios.I'm worried she'll lose her head over that guy and won't finish her degree.
2. (to anger)
a. to drive crazy
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
¿Puedes parar de gritar? ¡Me estás trastornando!Can you stop screaming? You're driving me crazy!
b. to drive mad (United Kingdom)
Anoche no pude pegar ojo porque los ladridos de un perro me trastornaron.Last night, I couldn't sleep a wink because a dog's barking was driving me mad.
c. to trouble
La pobre actuación de los defensores trastornó al entrenador, que no paraba de gritarles.The coach was troubled by the defense's poor performance and yelled at them constantly.
3. (to alter)
a. to disrupt
La presencia de humanos trastornó el equilibrio del ecosistema.Human presence has disrupted the balance of the ecosystem.
b. to upset
¡No trastornes el orden de las fichas en el fichero!Don't upset the order of the cards in the index card file!
c. to disturb
Un hombre fue arrestado por gritar y trastornar el orden público.A man was arrested for screaming and disturbing the peace.
d. to turn upside down
Los ladrones trastornaron todos los objetos de la casa hasta que encontraron el dinero.The burglars turned everything in the house upside down until they found the money.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (to become unhinged)
a. to become disturbed
Cuando su empresa quebró, Ramón se trastornó e intentó suicidarse.When his company went bankrupt, Ramon became disturbed and tried to kill himself.
5. (to become angry)
a. to go out of one's mind
Mi padre se trastornó cuando le conté que choqué el coche.My father went out of his mind when I told him that I crashed his car.
b. to become deranged
Me trastorné cuando me dieron la nota del examen. ¡Había estudiado mucho!I became deranged when I got the exam results. I had studied so hard!
6. (to be altered)
a. to be disrupted
Mis planes de viajar se trastornaron porque caí enfermo.My travel plans were disrupted because I got sick.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (volver loco)
a. to drive mad
2. (inquietar)
a. to worry, to trouble
3. (alterar)
a. to turn upside down
4. (planes)
a. to disrupt, to upset
5. (estómago)
a. to upset
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (volverse loco)
a. to go mad
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (perturbar) [+mente] to disturb; unhinge; [+persona] to drive crazy; mentally disturb
esa chica le ha trastornado that girl is driving him crazy; he's lost his head over that girl
2 (encantar) to delight
le trastornan las joyas she's crazy about jewels; she just lives for jewels
3 (alterar) [+persona] to upset; trouble; disturb; [+ideas] to confuse; upset; [+proyecto] to upset; [+vida] to mess up; [+sentidos] to daze; mess up; [+nervios] to shatter; [+orden público] to disturb; [+objetos] to mix up; turn upside down
pronominal verb
1 [+persona] to go out of one's mind; become deranged o disturbed
2 [+proyectos] to fall through; be ruined
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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