prevenir
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
prevenir(
preh
-
beh
-
neer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to avoid)
a. to prevent
Las vacunas suponen una forma de prevenir muchas enfermedades graves.Vaccines are a way of preventing many serious diseases.
2. (to alert)
a. to warn
Le previne de que podrían multarle si no se ponía el cinturón de seguridad.I warned him that he could be fined if he didn't wear his seat belt.
3. (to foresee)
a. to anticipate
Un jugador de ajedrez tiene que prevenir los movimientos de su contrincante.A chess player has to anticipate his competitor's moves.
4. (to get ready)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to prepare
Prevén tu maleta para el viaje, partimos en una hora.Prepare your suitcase for the trip; we're leaving in an hour.
prevenirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (to get organized)
a. to take precautions
Se ha exhortado a la población a prevenirse contra el intenso calor.The public has been urged to take precautions against the intense heat.
b. to prepare
La familia se previno para el invierno almacenando madera y comida.The family prepared for the winter by storing wood and food.
6. (to be prepared)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
a. to be ready
No me previne para nadar porque no sabía que había piscina.I wasn't ready for swimming because I didn't know there was a swimming pool.
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prevenir
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (evitar)
a. to prevent
2. (prov)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
más vale prevenir que curarprevention is better than cure
3. (avisar)
a. to warn
te prevengo de que la carretera es muy malabe warned that the road is very bad
4. (prever)
a. to foresee, to anticipate
5. (predisponer)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
prevenir a alguien contra algo/alguiento prejudice somebody against something/somebody
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
6. (tomar precauciones)
a. to take precautions
prevenirse contra algoto take precautions against something
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
prevenir
transitive verb
1 (evitar) to prevent; (prever) to foresee; anticipate
hay accidentes que no se pueden prevenir some accidents cannot be prevented
más vale prevenir que curar prevention is better than cure; better safe than sorry
más vale prevenir que lamentar
2 (advertir) to warn
prevenir a algn to warn sb; put sb on his guard;contra, de against, about; pudieron prevenirle a tiempo they were able to warn him in time
3 (predisponer) to prejudice; bias;a favor de in favour of;en contra de against;
4 (preparar) to prepare; get ready;para for
5 (proveer)
prevenir a algn de algo to provide sb with sth
pronominal verb
prevenirse
1 (prepararse) to get ready; prepare
prevenirse para un viaje to get ready for a trip; prevenirse contra algo to take precautions against sth; prepare for sth
2 (proveerse)
prevenirse de ropa adecuada to provide o.s. with suitable clothing
3
prevenirse en contra de algn to set o.s. against sb
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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