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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to caution)
a. advertir
I warned you about trespassing here.Te advertí sobre entrar aquí sin autorización.
2. (to notify)
a. avisar
They warned us that there would be lots of traffic on the highway.Nos avisaron que habrá mucho tráfico en la carretera.
b. advertir
The principal warned me that if I drop out of school, I can't come back.La directora me advirtió de que si dejo la escuela no voy a poder volver.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to give a warning)
a. advertir
The surgeon general warns that smoking can be dangerous to your health.El jefe del servicio federal de sanidad advierte que fumar puede ser nocivo para la salud.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (caution)
a. advertir
to warn somebody about somethingadvertir a alguien de algo
to warn somebody against somethingprevenir a alguien contra algo
he warned her not to gole advirtió que no fuese
you have been warned!¡quedas advertido!
2. (alert, inform)
a. avisar, advertir
she had been warned in advancela habían avisado de antemano
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
warn [wɔːn]
transitive verb
1 (put on guard, urge caution to) advertir; (notify, tell) avisar; advertir
children must be warned about or of the dangers of smoking debe advertirse a los niños de los peligros que conlleva fumar
they didn't warn me about the dog
I did warn you that this would happen ya te avisé or advertí que esto pasaría; I must warn you that my men are armed debo avisarle or advertirle que mis hombres van armados
I'm warning you I won't take much more of this
we must warn them that the police are on their way debemos avisarles or advertirles que la policía está de camino
we must warn them someone has to warn them - go, now!
you have been warned! ¡ya estás avisado!; ¡quedas advertido!; but, be warned, this is not a cheap option pero, quedas avisado or advertido, esta no es una opción barata
to warn sb that it's only fair to warn you that he will be there we must warn her that Mark intends to kill her when I had my first baby friends warned me that children were expensive were you able to warn them [about] the police raid? to warn sb [about] drugs/fireworks his mother warned him about the dangers of drinking too much to warn sb about of the dangers of sth to warn that forecasters warn that more storms are likely they warned that war would not solve their problems analysts warned that Europe's most powerful economy may be facing trouble
2 (counsel) advertir
"don't do anything yet," he warned —no hagas nada todavía —advirtió; to warn sb to do sth advertir or aconsejar a algn que haga algo; people have been warned to stay indoors se ha advertido or aconsejado a la gente que no salga; she warned me not to go out alone at night me advirtió or me aconsejó que no saliera sola por la noche; I warned you not to interfere te advertí que no te entrometieras
children must be warned to stay away from main roads
to warn sb against sth prevenir a algn contra algo
I wish I'd listened to the people who warned me against having the operation she warned me against going to that part of town
he warned us against complacency nos previno contra la autocomplacencia; to warn sb against doing sth aconsejar a algn que no haga algo
3 (admonish)
to warn sb about sth llamar la atención a algn por algo; I've warned you about your behaviour before ya te he llamado la atención por tu comportamiento antes
I shall have to warn him about his persistent lateness he was warned about bullying other boys
intransitive verb
to warn about or of sth advertir de algo
he also warned of a possible anti-Western backlash the UN warns of serious consequences if Iraq interferes he does warn about the dangers of isolationism the other side effect that she had been warned about in advance was that of alopecia
he warned against complacency advirtió de las consecuencias de la autocomplacencia; some doctors warn against vitamin supplements during pregnancy algunos médicos desaconsejan el consumo de suplementos vitamínicos durante el embarazo
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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