Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to create a hole)
a. to perforate
La bala le perforó la pantorilla, pero la canilla está a salvo.The bullet perforated his calf, but the shinbone is safe.
b. to pierce
La flecha perforó la armadura del caballero, hiriéndolo mortalmente.The arrow pierced the knight's armor, wounding him fatally.
c. to puncture
Explotó una granada y una de las esquirlas le perferó el pulmón al soldado.A grenade exploded and a fragment punctured the soldier's lung.
d. to punch a hole in
Perforé las tarjetas y las uní con un llavero.I punched a hole in the cards and put them together with a key ring.
e. to punch holes in
El inspector de trenes perforó los boletos de los pasajeros.The train inspector punched holes in the passengers' tickets.
f. to bore into
La máquina que estaba perforando la tierra se topó con una piedra gigante.The machine that was boring into the earth hit a giant rock.
g. to sink (in the ground)
La empresa comenzó a perforar el terreno en busca de petróleo.The company began to sink the land in search of oil.
2. (to create a hole with a drill)
a. to drill
La excavadora comenzó a perforar el suelo.The excavator began to drill the ground.
b. to drill a hole in
Perforé la pared e inserté el tornillo que sostendrá el cuadro.I drilled a hole in the wall and inserted a screw that will hold up the painting.
c. to drill holes in
El carpintero perforó la tabla de madera y la lijó.The carpenter drilled holes in the board and sanded it.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to make a hole in)
a. to become perforated
El reflujo ácido causó que se le perforara el intestino.Acid reflux caused his intestine to become perforated.
4. (to have perforated)
a. to get pierced
Fui al local de tatuajes a perforarme las orejas.I went to the tattoo studio to get my ears pierced.
5. (to crack)
a. to rupture
La tierra se perforó y del suelo salió un géiser.The earth ruptured and a geyser burst from the ground.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (agujerear)
a. to cut a hole/holes in
2. (con taladro)
a. to drill a hole/holes in
la bala le perforó el pulmónthe bullet pierced his lung
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (general)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
perforarse las orejasto have o get one's ears pierced
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
(gen) to perforate; pierce; (Minería) to drill; bore; [+tarjeta] to punch; punch a hole in; [+ficha] to punch; [+pozo] to sink; (pinchar) to puncture; también (Med)
intransitive verb
(Minería) to drill; bore
pronominal verb
perforarse [+úlcera] to get perforated
perforarse una úlcera
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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